Skip to main content
Internet Archive's 25th Anniversary Logo

Full text of "The history of Lincoln County, North Carolina"

See other formats

The History of 
Lincoln County, 
North Carolina 

a series of newspaper articles 

published in 1935 in the 

Lincoln County News 


Alfred Nixon 

The Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection 

(Every Monday and Thursday) 



THURSDAY, JUNE 27, 1935. 



The News today begins the ser- 
ialization of the late Alf Nixon's 
history of '.Lincoln county. This 
history is considered by all to be 
the one authentic history of this 
grand old county and the fact 
mat it is being carried in print at 
this time — prior to the 150th 
birthday celebi-ation of the Town 
of Lincolnton — should be of inter- 
est to all loyal sons and daughters 
of Lincoln who bask in the sun- 
light of former accomplishments 
and achievements of sons of Lin- 
coln county. 

Any person living in Lincoln 
need not fear the possibility of 
having to apologize for living in 
Lincoln county. It's a noble coun- 
ty, founded and settled by men 
and women of sturdy build and 
honest, upright characters and the 
fact that Lincoln is what she is to- 
day is due perhaps to the quality 
of its early founders and settlers. 

The News offers this unique, 
authoritative and original compil- 
ation to its many readers in the 
hope that all may be better in- 
formed of the history of their 
county. School teachers and school 
children could do well by pi'eserv- 
ing the issues of this newspaper 
containing these installments 
that they may be referred to at 
any time in the future when mat- 
ters of historical interest come up 
for discussion and settlement. 

The late Alf Nixon was a man 
close to the hearts of all Lincoln 
County. He knew Lincoln county 
as perhaps no other man ever ! 
knew it. He knew firsthandedly 
from members of the older fami- 
lies various incidents and happen- 
ings which he recorded with accur- 
acy and which he has preserved 
for the posterity of Lincoln Coun- 
ty. These records are of intrinsic- 
value to Lincoln citizens. 

Various ana sundry so-called 
historians have bobbed up since 
Mr. Nixon's day and have com- 
piled various data but they invari- 
ably, so far as the News can es- 
certain, have relied upon Mr. Nix- 
on's unerring information to fur- 
nish a background for their treat- 
ises. Hence, the News, in securing 
this valuable history of Lincoln, 
for publication, feels that no other 
work of its kind could be as com- 
prehensive, as complete as origin- 
al and as authoritative, as the 
writings of the late Alf Nixon, 
with whom today's issue of Tha 
News begins serially, the publica- 
tion of his Lincoln History. We 
hope and feel assured that the 
public of this county will appreci- 
ate this publication and use it in 
future discussions and teachings 
of this great county. 

Price $2.00 Per Year. 

A. Nixon's History Lincoln Co. 
To Appear Serially In News 


First Instalment To Appear To- 
Day; This History Chosen Be- 
cause Of Its Authenticity And 
Because Of Mr. Nixon's Position 
As Firsthanded Historian Of 
Lincoln For Years; Was Clerk 
Of Court Of Lincoln For Years 
And Is Father Of Illustrious 
Lincoln Family. 

Recognized As 'The' 
History Of Lincoln 

The News is happy to announce 
to its big family of readers that 
starting with today, the history of 
Lincoln County, as written by the 
late Alf Nixon, Clerk of Court of 
Lincoln for several years prior to 
his death, will be published serial- 

This history, the authentic his- 
tory of Lincoln and the back- 
ground for other minor historians 
of recent years, is particularly ap- 
j propriate at this time as Lincoln 
enters into its 150th anniversary 
with a mammoth celebration to be 
held this Fall. 

The News in deciding- upon this 
history as 'the' history to publish 
of Lincoln, used the father of one 
of the members of the Lincoln 
Historical Society, Joe R. Nixon, 
Lincoln Historian now, as the 
source for its information. Mr. 
Alf Nixon was also the father of 
Kemp B. Nixon, state Senator. 
who is vitally interested in Lin- 
coln and its welfare. Senator Nix- 
on has very graciously agreed that 
The News use the only book- 
known to him, bound and printed 
by Edwards & Broughton, of his 
father's history, as our manus- 

The late A. Nixon was a son of 
Lincoln. He lived his entire life in 
this county and was perhaps the 
most widely known man, during 
his lifetime, in Lincoln county. He 
knew Lincoln history. He had an 
historical turn of mind and he ex- 
hausted every historical source 
available before writing his his- 
tory which was accepted as the 
authentic Lincoln history by his- 
torical societies in the state at the 
time it was written. 

Other historians, of a later date, 
using Mr. Nixon's history as a 
background for their writings, 
have attempted to compile the his- 
|tory of this famous old county but 
I they have not been able to equal it 
because they have not known first- 
handedly the information with 
, which they were dealing. Mr. Nix- 
ion knew all the old families in 
Lincoln and wrote exhaustive his- 
tories of most of them before his 
death. These documents today are 
priceless because they are inti- 
mate, accurate and depict in Mr. 
Nixon's own classical manner the 
true family history and traditions 
of Lincoln's first families. 

This history will be read and 
preserved by all Lincoln citizens 
who want to know their county 
history from a reliable source and 
from a source that can't be suc- 
cessfully contradicted. It is with 
pleasure that The News presents 
these installments and it is hoped 
that in so doing the public of Lin- 
coln county will become more his- 
tory-conscious of their grand old 


The History Of 

Lincoln County 

(By Alfred Nixon.) 

The Colonial Period 

Lincoln County was born mid 
the throes of the American Rev- 
olution, and christened for a pa- 
triot soldier, then battling for in- 
dependence. Prior to that time, 
while Carolina was a Province of 
Great Britain, in the bestowal of 
names there was manifest a desire 
to please royalty: New Hanover 
was called for the House of Han- 
over; Bladen, in honor of Martin 
Bladen, one of the Lords Commis- 
sioners of Trade and Plantations; 
Anson, set up in 1749 from Blad- 
en, derived its name from Admiral 
Anson, of the English Navy, who 
in 1761 was charged with the mis- 
sion of bringing to her marriage 
with George the Third, Charlotte 
of Mecklenburg. So, when the 
western part of Anson was set up 
into a county in 1762, it was called 
Mecklenburg, with county seat the 
Queen City of Charlotte, in com- 
pliment to the wife of His Majes- 
ty, George the Third. As the set- 

tlement's extended westward from 
the Atlantic seaboard new coun- 
ties were formed to meet the con- 
venience of the inhabitants. In 
1768, Mecklenburg was divided 
"by a line beginning at Earl Gran- 
ville's line where it crosses the 
Catawba River and the said river 
to be the line to the South Caro- 
lina line, and all that part of the 
county lying to the westward of 
the dividing line shall be one oth- 
er distinct county and parish, and 
remain by the name of Tryon 
I County and Saint Thomas Par- 
| ish." The name Tryon was given 
! in honor of His Excellency, Wil- 
liam Tryon, Royal Governor of the- 
i Province. 

' William Tryon, an officer in the 
legular army of Great Britain, 
landed at Cape Fear October the 
10th, 1764, with a commission as 
J Lieutenant-Governor of the Pro- 
i vince. His administration as Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina lasted 
| from the death of Governor Dobbs, 
i 28th March, 1765, to the 30th day 
\ of June, 1771, when he was ap- 
1 pointed Governor of New York. In 
the rupture with Great Brittain he 
! Avas a Major-General in command 
\ of American Loyalists, vainly en- 
' deavoring to re-establish Royal 
Rule. He remained nominally 
Governor of New York until 
March 22, 1780. The name of Gov- 
ernor Tryon appears at the head 
of the list of names enumerated 
in the confiscation acts of both 
North Carolina and New York, 
and the county of Tryon in each 
of these States was enpunged 
from the map. Tryon Mountain 
and Tryon City in the county of 
Polk, and one of the principal 
streets in the city of Charlotte yet 
preserve his name. Shortly after 
relinquishing the government of 
New York he sailed for England, 
where he rose to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant-General. He died in London 
the 27th of January, 1788, aged 58 

The War of the Revolution rag 
es. The patriots are battling for 
independence. Oppressions of the 
Royal Governor have made his 
name odious. "The large extent of 
the county of Tryon renders the 
attendance of the inhabitants on 
the extreme parts of the said 
county to do public duties ex- 
tremely difficult and expensive. 
For remedy whereof," the General 
Asembly in 1779, instead of set- 

Iting the western part off into a 
new county, as had been its cus- 
tom, blotted the name of Tryon 

Lincoln Historian 

The late Alf Nixon, County His- 
torian for years, who compiled a 
very exhaustive and comprehen- 
sive history of Lincoln county 
which, beginning with today's is- 
sue, The News is carrying serial- 

been here more than a score of 
years. The Tryon records contain 
many quaint things, mingled with 
matters of grave public concern, 
and a glance at them is of interest 
to the student of Lincoln County 

Tryon County 

In a letter of Governor Tyron 
of date Dec. 12, 1768, he describes 
Tryon County as "forty-five miles 
in breadth due north and south and 
eighty miles due east and west it 
having been found to be that dis- 
tance from the Catawba River to 
the western frontier line which 
was run last year between the 
Cherokee hunting grounds and 
this Province." The site for the 
public buildings was not fixed un- 
til 1774. As there was no court- 
house the courts during this time 
were held at private residences 
that happened to be convenient 
and suitable for the purpose. 

The Tryon records begin with 
these words: "North Carolina, 
Tryon county. Pursuant to Act of 
Assembly of the Province afore- 
said bearing date the fifth of Dec, 
1768, in the ninth year of his Ma- 
jesty's reign, for dividing Meck- 
lenburg into two distinct counties 
by the name of Mecklenburg coun- 
ty and Tryon county and for other 
purposes in the said Act mention- 

from the list of counties and di- 
vided its territory into two coun- 
ties, "by a line beginning at the 
south line near Broad River, 
thence along the dividing ridge be- 
tween Buffalo Creek and Little 
Broad River to the line of Burke 
County"; and to the two counties 
thus formed were given the names 
of two patriotic soldiers. The 
western portion was named Ruth- 
rford in honor of Griffith Ruth- 
erford, of Rowan County, a Briga- 
dier-General in the Revolution; 
and the eastern portion Lincoln, in 
compliment to Maj.-Gen. Benja- 
min Lincoln, of Rhode Island, com- 
mander of the Southern armies. 

Benjamin Lincoln was born 
January 23d, 1733, at Hingham, 
about thirteen miles from Boston. 
In February, 1777, he was ap- 
pointed Major-General in the Rev- 
olutionary Army and served with 
gallantry throughout the strug- 
gle. At the request of the delega- 
tion in Congress from South Car- 
olina, he was assigned to com- 
mand the Army in the South. In 
1780 General Lincoln was forced 
I to surrender to the superior force 
of the British at Charleston. When 
exchanged he resumed the service, 
and was at the surrender of Corn- 
wallis at Yorktown, Avhere the 
generous Washington designated 
him to receive the conquered arms 
of the British. He was appointed 
Secretary of War in 1781, with 
permission to retain his rank in 
the army. He died in the house of 
his birth 9th of May, 1810. 

When Tryon was divided the 
Tryon court-house fell in Lincoln 
County, and the courts of Lincoln 
were held there until April, 1783, 
and the Tryon records are still in 
Lincolnton. The pioneers came in- 
to what is now Lincoln County be- 
tween the years 1745 and 1749, 
when it was Bladen County; they 
continued to come until the Amer- 
ican Revolution. So the pioneer 
history of Lincoln County is cov- 
ered by Bladen, Anson, Mecklen- 
burg and Tryon counties. The Try- 
on records cover ten years of the 
Colonial history of Lincoln Coun- 
ty, 1769 to 1779. When Tryon was 
formed, the first settlers had not 

J ed." His Majesty's commission un- 
der the great seal of the Province 
appointing certain justices to keep 
the peace for the county of Tryon 
is read. Ezekiel Polk, Clerk, John 
Tagert, Sheriff, and Alexander 
Martin, Attorney for Crown, pro- 
duce commissions and take oaths 
of office. Waightstill Avery pro- 
duces license of attorney and takes 
oath of office. 

The court records, beginning at 
April Sessions, 1769, are in the 
handwriting of Ezekiel Polk, the 
first clerk, who lived near King's 
Mountain. Ezekiel Polk removed 
to Mecklenburg county, and after- 
wards became famous through his 
grandson, James K. Polk, presi- j 
dent of the United States. 

The Tryon Courts were styled 
the "County Court of Pleas arid 
Quarter Sessions." In this court 
deeds and wills were probated, 
tates settled, land entries record- 
ed, guardians appointed, orphans 
apprenticed, highways opened 
overseers appointed.and many 
other matters attended to. 
There were grand and petit juries 
and an "attorney for the crown." 
These courts convened quarterly 
and continued without material 
change until the adoption of the 
constitution of 1868. 

(To be continued) 


History Lincoln County 




The courts of Oyer and Ter- porary line between So. and 

J miner, corresponding to our Su- 
perior Courts, were District 
Courts, several counties compris- 
in gone district. Tryon County 
was in the Salisbury District, and 
each County Court appointed its 
quota of jurors to attend the Sal- 
isbury Court. It 1782 the Salisbury 
District was divided, and Lincoln 
and other western counties were 
declared a separate district by the 
name of Morgan, where the Judg- 
es of the Superior Courts shall sit 
twice every year and hold a Su- 1 
I pior Court of law. Lincoln County | 
remained in the Morgan Distrii 
the courts being held at Morgan 
Town, until 1806, when a Superior 
Court was established in each 
county of the State to be held 
twice every year. 

The Tryon Court was organized 
at Charles McLean's, and the 
Quarter Sessions for the years 
1769, 1770, and 1771, were held at 
his house. He lived in the southern 
part of what is now Gaston Coun- 
ty, on the headwaters of Crow- 
der's Mountain. Charles McLean 
was an early, active and zealous 
friend of liberty. At January Sc-s- 
Jsions 1770 he produced his Excel- 
lency's commission appointing him 
captain in the Tryon Regiment of 
Foot, and took the oath of office. 
In 1774 he was one of his Majes- 
ty's justices, and chairman of the 
committee appointed to select a 
permanent site for the court-house 
of Tryon County. He was a dele 
gate from Tryon County to the 
Provincial Congress at Halifax, 
4th April, 1776; also representing 
Tryon County in Assembly dur- 
ing the years 1777 and 1778. Be 
tween sessions, as colonel of the 
Tryon Regiment, he was actively 
t engaged against western Tories. 

Carolina." At October Sessions 
the claims against Tryon County 
for the year 1769, include a char- 
ter, twenty pounds expenses in 
sending for charter, eight pounds; 
Charles McLean, to two courts 
held at his house, five pounds; 
other items swell the amount to 
seventy-one pounds, sixteen shill- 
ings, and ten pence; and a tax of 
three shillings and two pence was 
levied on each of the 1221 taxable 
persons in Tryon County to meet 
the same. { 

At July Term, 1770, "Thomas ; 
Camel came into court and prov- - 
ed that the lower part of his ear j 
was bit off in a fight with Steven ! 
Jones, and was not taken off by ! 
sentence of law; certified to whom 
it may concern." At a later term, 
"James Kelly comes into open 
court of his own free will and in 
the presence of said could did ac- 
knowledge that in a quarrel be- 
tween him and a certain Leonard 
Sailor on the evening of the 2d 
day of June, 1773, he did bite off 
the upper part of his left ear of 
him, the said Leonard Sailor, whe I 
prays that the same be recorded ' 
in the minutes of the said court. 
This confession gave James Kelly 
such standing in the esteem of his 
Majesty's Justices that at the 
same term it was "Ordered by the 
Court that James Kelly serve as 
constable in the room of George 
Trout and that he swear in before 
Thomas Espy, Esq." From the 
court entries biting off ears was ? 
popular way of fighting, but 
whole ears were at least an out- 
ward sign of honesty. 

An old parchment, yellower; 
with age, labeled "Charter of Try- 
on County," encased in a frame, 
with great wax seal appended 

The criminal docket of Tryon is 
mai-ked "Crown Docket," and the 
indictments are brought in the 
name of the "King" or "Rex," as 
we now use "State." The minutes 
of a few cases tried at the first 
term will serve to show the ad- 
ministration of justice: "The King 
v. John Doe. Petty Larceny. Jury 
empaneled finds the defendant 
guilty of the charge against him. 
Judgment by the Court that the 
defendant be detained in the Sher- 
iff's custody till the cost of this 
prosecution be paid, and that at 
the hour of one o'clock of this day 
the said defendant on his bare 
back at the public whipping post 
receive thirty-nine lashes well laid 
on. "Rex. v. Thomas Pullham. Pro- 
fane swearing. Submitted and fin- 
ed five shillings." "The King v. 
John Case. Sabbath breaking. De- 
fendant pleads guilty, fined ten 
shillings and the cost." "The King 
v. John Carson. Neglect of the 
King's Highway. iSubmJtted and 
fined one shilling and sixpence." 
Letters testamentary granted 
Nicholas Welsh on the estate of 
John Welsh, deceased. William 
Wilson, appointed overseer of the 
road from the South Fork to 
Charles Town in that part be- 
tween King's Mountain and Ezek- 
iel Polk's; Charles McLean in that 
part between Ezekiel Polk's and 
the head of Fishing Creek. The 
road orders extend to the "tem- 

hangs on the court-house walls. It 
is addressed in the name of his 
Majesty, "George the Third by the 
Grace of God of Great Britain 
France and Ireland, King Defend- 
er of the Faith, and so forth, To 
All and Singular our Faithful 
Subjects, Greeting," and is offi- 
cially attested by "our trusty and 
well-beloved William Tryon, our 
Capain-General, Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief," at Wil- 
mington, 26th June, 1769. It au- 
thorized Tryon County to elect 
and send two representatives to 
sit and vote in the House of As- 

The Quarter Sessions of 1772 
were held at Christian Rein- 
hardt's. The site of his house is 
now in the northern corporate lim- 
its of the town of Lincolnton, on 
the Ramsour Battle Ground. The 
Tories were encamped around his 
house, and after the battle it was 
used as a hospital. His house was 
built of heavy hewn lo&£, with a 
basement and stone foundation, 
that served some of the purposes 
of a fort both during Indian trou- 
ples and the Revolution. Some evi- 
dence of its strength is furnished 
by this item from the record of 
July Sessions, 1783: "Ordered by 
the Court that Christian Rein- 
hardt's loft be the public gaol of 
said county until the end of next 
Court, October Term, 1783." 
(To be continued) 

History Lincoln County 



The courts of 1773 and 1774 
were held at Christopher Carpen- 
ter's. He lived in the Beaver Dam 
section. There were some half-doz- 
en Carpenters among the pioneers. 
Their signatures to all early deeds 
and wills are written in the Ger- 
man, Zimmerman. 

The commissioners appointed by 
Act of Assembly to select the 
place whereon to erect and build 
the court-house, prison and stocks 
of Tryon County, on 26th July, 
1774, reported their selection of 
the place "called the cross-roads 
on Christopher Mauney's land, be- 
tween the heads of Long Creek, 
Muddy Creek, and Beaver Dam 
Creek in the county aforesaid as 
j most central and convenient for 
the purpose aforesaid." The coun- 
ty court adjourned to meet at the 
. "house of Christy Mauney or the 
I cross-roads in his land." The site 
of the old Tryon court house is 
eight miles southwest of Lincoln- 
ton, in Gaston County. October 
Sessions, 1774, were held at the 
house of Christian Mauney, and a 
room in his dwelling was used as a 

The old county of Lincoln, with 
its fine farms and beautiful hom- 
es, dotted with towns and villages, 
and musical with the hum of 
machinery, the pioneers found a 
wild, luxuriant with native flora, 
the habitat of the red man and, 
wild animals. There were herds of J 
fleet-footed deer; there were 
clumsy brown bears and fierce 
wild cats and panthers; there were 
droves of buffalo, and countless 
beavers building their dams on the 
creeks. The early settlers waged a 
relentless war on these animals 
and set a bounty on many of their 
scalps. The scalps on which a price 
was set were the wolf, panther, j 
wild cat ,and such other as preyed J 
on domestic animals. For killing a i 
grown wolf the price was one I 1 
pound; a young wolf ten shillings; 
a wild cat five shillings. Tho t 
claims filed in court were for , 
"scalp tickets." As late as Octo- \ 
ber Sessions, 1774, there were au- 
dited in favor of various individ- 
uals forty-nine "wolf scalp tick- 
ets." We still retain Indian, Beav- 
er Dam, and Buffalo Creeks, Bear 
Ford, Wolf Gulch, and Buffalo 
Mountain, Buffalo Shoals, and the 
Indian names Catawba and Tuck- 
aseegee, memorials of these prim- 
eval days. 

constitutional rights, against all 
invasions; and at the same time 
do solemnly engage to take up | 
arms and risk our lives and our 
fortunes in maintaining the free- 
dom of our country whenever the 
wisdom and counsel of the Con- 
tinental Congress or our Provin- 
cial Convention shall ideclare it 
necessary; and this engagement 
we will continue in for the preser- 
vation of those rights and liber- 
ties which the principles of our 
Constitution and the laws of God, j 
nature and nations have made it 
our duty to defend. We therefore, 
the subscribers, freeholders and 
inhabitants of Tryon County, do 
hereby faithfully unite ourselves 
under the most solemn ties of re- 
ligion, honor and love to our coun- 
try, firmly to resist force by force, 
and hold sacred till a reconcilation 
shall take place between Great 
Britain and America on Constitu- 
tional principles, which we most 
ardently desh - e, and do fii'mly 
agree to hold all such persons as 
inimical to the liberties of Amer- 
ica who shall refuse to sign this 
association. (Signed) John Walk- 
er, Charles McLean, Andrew Neel, 
Thomas Beatty, James Coburn, 
Frederick Hambright, Andrew 
Hampton, Benjamin Hardin, 

George Paris, William Graham, 
Robt. Alexander, David Jenkins, 
Thomas Espey, Perrygreen Mack- 
ness, James McAfee, William 
Thompson, Jacob Forney, Davis 
Whiteside, John Beeman, John 
Morris, Joseph Harden, John Rob- 
inson, James Mclntyre, Valentine 
Mauney, George Black, Jas. Lo- 
gan, Jas. Baird, Christian Carpen- 
ter, Abel Beatty, Joab Turner, 
Jonathan Price, Jas. Miller, John 
Dellinger, Peter Sides, William 
Whiteside, Geo. Dellinger, Sam- 
uel Carpenter, Jacob Moony, Jun., 
John Wells, Jacob Costner, Robert 
Hulclip, James Buchanan, Moses 
Moore, Joseph Kuykendall, Adam 
Simms, Richard Waffer, Samuel . 
Smith, Joseph Neel, Samuel Lof-j 

In 1777 an act was passed estab- 
lishing State courts, providing 
that all suits and indictments in- 
stituted and fines imposed "in the 
name or the use of the King of 
Great Britain, when this territory 
was under his government, and 
owned allegiance to him, and all 
breaches on penal statutes direct 

I In Tryon County there were 
| many loyal subjects of the king, 
| and there was likewise a gallant 
> band of patriots who as early as 
August, 1775, adopted and signed 
the following bold declaration: 

"The unprecedented, barbarous 
and bloody actions committed by 
British troops on our American 
brethern near Boston, on 19th 
April and 20th of May last, to- 
gether with the hostile operations 
and treacherous designs now car- 
rying on, by the tools of minis- 
terial vengeance, for the subjug- 
ation of all British America, sug- [ 
gest to us the painful necessity of | 
1 having resourse to arms in de- 1! 
fense of our National freedom and t 

ed to be prosecuted in the name 
• of the king shall be presented an3 
proceeded in the name of the 
State." This act terminated the 
. "Crown Docket," and the King or 
! Rex as prosecutor. The "Stat/ 
Docket" begins at October Ses- 
sions, 1777. 

The change of government from 
royal to state in Tryon County 
was consummated without a jar. 
The last Tryon court was held in, 
January, 1779. During this year 
j Tryon is bloted from the list of 
j counties and the War if the Rev- 
j olution is in progress. Lincoln 
County became the scene of many 
. thrilling Revolutionary events. 
(To be continued) 


History Lincoln County 



The Battle Of Ramsour's 

officers to lie governed by circum- 
stances when they reached the 

The mounted men came upon 
the Tory picket some distance 
from the camp, were fired upon, 
charged the Tory camp, bu 
ed from their deadly fire. 
ins,' hurried Colonel Locke into 
action, a like volley felled many 
of his men, and they lik< 

The Tories were embodied at 
Ramsour's Mill through the ef- 
forts of Lieut.-Col. John Moore 
and Maj. Nicholas Welch. These 
officers left the victorious British 
on the march from Charleston and 
arrived at their homes early in 
June, 1780. Moses Moore, the fa- 
ther of Colonel Moore, was a na- tired. The Tories, seein 
tive of Carlyle, England, married feet of their fire, came down the j 
a Miss Winston, near Jamestown, j hill and were in fair vv 
Virginia, and came to this sec- Whigs renewed the acti 
tion with the pioneers. Esther, a soon became general and 
sister of Colonel Moore, married on both sides. In about 
Joshua Roberts, a patriot soldier, the Tories began to fall 
The late Capt. John H. Roberts, a their original position on the 
grandson, lived on the Moore ridge, and a little beyond its sum- 
homestead. It is situate on Indian mit, to shield a part of their bodies 
Creek, eight miles southwest of from the destructive fire 
Ramsour's Mill. Colonel Moore Whigs, rt ho were fairlj 
was an active partisan throughout to their fire. In this situation the : 
the Revolution. Major Welch was Tory fire became so effec 
a son of John Welch, and was Whigs fell back to the bushesvneai 
reared next neighbor to Colonel the branch; and the Tories, sav- 
Moore on Indian Creek. He was of ing their safe position. 
Scottish descent, of great fluency half way down the hill. At this 
of speech and fine persuasive pow- moment Captain Hardin led a 
er. They bore English commis- company of Whigs into the field 
sions, were arrayed in splendid of- from the south and poured a gall- 
ficial equipments, and made lav- ing fire into the right flai& of 
ish display of British gold. By the the Tories. Some of the T#higs 
twentieth of June, these zealous obliqued to the right, and turned 
loyalists collected at Ramsour's the left flank of the Toi 
! Mill a force of 1,300 Tories, and Captain Sharpe led a few men be- 
■ were actively engaged in their or- yond the crest of the ridge, and. 
ganization and drill preparatory advancing from tree to 
I to marching them to unite with unerring aim picked oii 
;the British in South Carolina, my's officers and men. : 
They occupied a well-chosen and ened the termination of the con- 
advantageous position for offense flict. The action now bee 
and defense. It was on a high and warm. The combatants mixed ! 
ridge that slopes three hundred j together, and having no 
yards to the mill and Clark's struck at each other with the^butts 
Creek on the west, and the same j of their guns. ^ 
distance to a branch 

i the east. 
Col. Francis Locke collected a 

force of Rowan and Mecklenburg 
; militia to engage the Tories. His 
j detachments met at Mountain 
j Greek, sixteen miles from Ram- 
j sour's on Monday, the 19th and 
jwhen united amounted to four 
i hundred men. They marched at 
. once to the assault of the Tory 
i position. At dawn of day on the 
[morning of the 20th, in two miles 

of Ramsour's they were met by 

saced the summit they 
Tories collected beyond the 
with a white flag flying 
Tories, unable to make the 
were taken prisoners. Thi 
yoiid soon di persed and 
their escape. One-fourth of tho 
Tories were unarmed, and they 
with a few others retired at the 
commencement of the battle. 

Seventy men, including five 
Whig and Tory captains, lay dead 
on the field, and more than two: 


I Adam Reep, a noted scout, with a 
few picked men from the vicinity 
of the camp, who detailed to Col- 
onel Locke the position of the en- 
emy, and the plan of attack was 
formed. The mounted men under 
Captains McDowell, Brandon and 
Falls, marching slowly, were to 
follow the road due west to the 
camp, and not attack until the 
footmen under Colonel Locke 
could detour to the south, and 
reach the foot of the hill along the 
Tuckaseegee road, and make a 
simultaneous assault. They pro- 
ceeded without other organiza- 
tion or order, it being left to the 

hundred were wounded, the loss on 
each side being about equal. In this 
contest, armed with the deadly 
rifle, blood relatives and familiar 
acquaintances and near beighbors 
fought in the opposing ranks, and 
as the smoke of battle occasionally 
cleared away recognized each oth- 
er in the conflict. 

Moore's defeat destroyed Tory- 
ism in this section. When Lord 
Cornwallis marched through the 
county the following January, and 
encamped at Ramsour's Mill, he 
lost more men by , desertion than 
he gained by recruits. 

(To Be Continued.) 

History Lincoln County 




The Battle Of King's Mountain 

Col. Patrick Ferguson pitched 

his camp on the summit of King's 

Mountain, the 6th of October, 

1780. So well pleased was he with 

his position that he gave vent to 

the impious boast that God Al- 
ighty could not drive him from 

it. In his army were eleven hun- 
jdred men, brave and well discip . 
j lined, every one of whom knew 
I what actual fighting meant. The 
j patriot army aggregated a like 

number of eleven hundred men. 

Their only weapon was the long- 
barreled rifle in whose use they 
were experts. Ferguson had out 
foraging parties, and some of the 
patriots on foot could not keep up 
with the march, so it is probable 
the combatants on each side num- 
bered nine hundred men. 

To Colonel Shelby is due the in- 
ception of the campaign and much 
of the mobilization of the patriot 
army. To its successful culmina- 
tion the little band of Lincoln men 
sixty in number, contributed their 
full stfare. They united with the 
mountain men in pursuit of Fer- 
guson at the Cowpens about sun 
set on October the 6th. Between 8 

and 9 o'clock of the same evening f the bayonets and the farther- 
the army set out toward King's 'est not more than twenty feet. 
Mountain in quest of Ferguson. Reaching the foot of the hill, they 
Enock Gilmer, an advance scout, reloaded, and fired with deadly ef • 
dined at noon of the 7th with a feet upon their pursuers, in turn 
lory family. From them he learn- j c hasing their enemies u r «« 
ed that Ferguson's camp was only | mountain. William Caldwell 
three miles distant, on a ridge be- 
two creeks, where 

to their position with quick step, 
Major Chronicle ten paces in ad- 
vance, and heading the column 
were Enock Gilmer, Hugh Erwin, 
Adam Barry and Robert Henry. 
Arriving at the end of the moun- 
tain, Major Chronicle cried, "Face 
to the hill!" The words were 
•cely uttered when they were 
fired upon by the enemy's sharp- 
shooters, and Major Chronicle and 
William Rabb fell dead. But they 
pressed up the hill under the lead- 
ership of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hambright. Maj. Jos. Dixon, 
Capts. James Johnston, Samuel 
Espey, Samuel Martin ,and James 
White. Before they reached the 
crest, the enemy charged bayon- 
ets, first, however, discharging 
their guns, killing Captain Mat- 
tocks and John Boyd and wound- 
ing William Gilmer and John 
Chittim. As Robert Henry, a lad 
of sixteen, raised his gun to fire, 
a bayonet glanced along the bar- 
rel, through his hand and into his 
thigh. Henry discharged his gun, 
killing the Briton and both fell to 
the ground. Henry observed that 
many of his comrades were not 
than a gun's length in front 

np the pre 

ing Henry's condition, pulled the 
bayonet out of his thigh, kicked 
his hand from the bloody insti - u- 

Chronicle and ►ment and passed on. Thus the bat- 

tle raged on all sides. No 


deer hunters had < 
vious fall. Major 
Captain Mattocks stated that the 

camp was theirs and that they men t,°no man failed""' to" "do "his 
well knew the ground on which 
Ferguson was encamped; where- 
upon it was agreed that they 
should plan the battle. They rode 
a short distance by themselves, 
and reported that it was an excel- 
lent place to surround Ferguson's 
army; that the shooting would all 
be uphill with no danger of des- 
troying each other. The officers 
instantly agreed to the plan, and 
without stopping began to ar- 
ange heir men, assigning to each 
officer the part he was to take in 
rrounding the mountain. To the 
north side were assigned Shelby, 
Williams, Lacey and Cleveland. 
and on the south side Camobpll. 

duty. The unerring aim 
mountain men from behind every 
tree and every rock was rapidly 
diminishing the brave fighters un- 
der Ferguson, who began to de- 

At the end ef an hour Fergu- 
son was killed ,and a white flag- 
was hoisted in token of surrender. 
Three hundred of his men were 
dead and wounded, and six hun- 
dred prisoners. The Americans 
suffered a loss of twenty-eight 
killed and seventy-four wounded. 

Thus was fought one of the de- 
cisive battles of the Revolution. It 
was the enemy's first serious dis- 

Sevier, McDowell and Winston 
while the Lincoln men, under 
Lieut. Col. Frederick Hambright, 
were to attack the northeast end 
of the mountain. It was three 
o'clock in the afternoon when the 
patriots reached their position, 
and Campbell's men were first to 
fire into the enemy. His column 
was charged by Ferguson's men 
with fixed bayonets, and driven 
down the mountain side. Shelby 
was advancing in quick time from 
the other side, so the enemy fount? 
it necessary to give attention to 
Shelby's assault, when Campbell 
men returned to the fight, and 
Shelby and his men were forced 
to retreat before the dashing 
charge of Ferguson's bayonets. 
Thus back and forth, Campbell, 
Sevier, McDowell and Winston on 
the one side, Shelby, Williams, La- 
cey and Cleveland on the other, 
charged up the mountain and were 
driven back, only to renew the 
charge, until the mountain was 
enveloped in flame and smoke and 
the rattle of musketry sounded 
ike thunder. 
The South Fork boys marched 

'aster and turned the tide of war. 
Ferguson and his army were wip- 
ed out of existence. Its immediate 
result was to check the enemy's 
progress until the patriots could 
muster strength for his final over- 

The Lincoln County men, con- 
sidering their small number, suf- 
fered considerably in the engage- 
ment: Maj. William Chronicle, 
Capt. John Mattocks, William 
Rabb, John Boyd and Arthur Pat- 
terson were killed; Moses Henry 
(died soon thereafter in the hospi- 
tal at Charlotte of the wound he 
received in the battle; Capt. Sam- 
uel Espey, Robert Henry, William 
Gilmer, John Chittim, and William 
Bradley were wounded. The Tories 
shooting down the steep mountain 
side, much of their aim was too 
high. Lieutenant-Colonel Ham- 
bright's hat was perforated with 
three bullet holes, and he received 
shot through the thigh, his boot 
filled and ran over with blood, but 
he remained in the fight till the 
end, gallantly encouraging his : 

(To Be Continued. ) 


History Lincoln County 

(WRITTEN BY THE r.ATTT a mt™*„ * 



Cornwallis In Pursuit Of 

I Morgan defeated Colonel Tarle- 
Jton in a signal victory at the 
Cowpens, South Carolina, 17th 
! January, 1781. In less than an 
| hour five hundred of Tarleton's 
I Legion were prisoners, the re- 
mainder slain and scattered, and 
he scampering in mad haste .to 
Cornwallis, then but twenty-five 
miles distant. General Morgan, 
anixous to hold every one of his 
prisoners to exchange for the Con- 
tinental line of North Carolina 
captured at Charleston, and then 
languishing on British prison 
ships, immediately began his fam- 
I ous retreat toward Virginia, while 
Cornwallis, in command of 4,000 
, well-equipped veterans, gave pur- 
suit. Colonel Washington's caval- 
ry, with the prisoners, safely 
crossed the Catawba at the Island 
Ford; the prisoners were sent on, 
while Washington rejoined Gen- 
eral Morgan, who had crossed 
with the main army eight or nine 
miles farther down at Sherrill's 
Ford, where they tarried awhile 
i the eastern bank. 
The British came by way of the 
old Tryon court-house, Cornwallis 
says "I therefore assembled the 
army on the 25th at Ramsour's 
Mill on the south fdrk of the Ca- 
tawba, and as the loss of my light 
troops could only be remedied by 
the activity of the whole corps, 1 
employed a halt of two days in 
collecting some flour, and destroy- 
ing superfluous baggage, and all • 
my wagons except those loaded 
, with hospital stores, and four re- 
' served in readiness for sick and 
wounded." Steadman says that 
Lord Cornwallis, "by first reduc- 
ing the size and quantity of his 
own, set an example which was 
cheerfully followed by all the of' 
ficers in his command, although 
by so doing they sustained a con- 
siderable loss. No wagons were re- 
served except those loaded with 
hospital stores, salt and ammuni- 
tion, and four empty ones for the 

day and night converting the 
grain into flour to replenish his 
I Lordship's commissionary. In the 
destruction of baggage, Cornwal- 
■ lis first ordered his splendid camp ; 
^ chest burned. His mahogany tea 
chest with the remainder of his 
tea, and six solid silver spoons, he 
sent to Mrs. Barbara Reinhardt, 
wife of Christian Reinhardt, with, 
a note requesting that she accept' 
them. These presents were treas- 
ured and carefully preserved. At 
the breaking out of the Civil War 
they belonged to a granddaughter, 
whose sons were Confederate vol- 
unteers. Believing an old saying 
that whoever carries anything in 
war that was carried in another . 
war by a person that was not kill- 
ed, will likewise be unharmed, she 
gave each of her sons one of the 
silver spoons, and the others to 
neighbor boys, and in this way 
the spoons were lost and Federal 
bullets shattered faith in their 
charm. The chest is yet preserved. 
After the conflagration many 
irons were tumbled in the mill- j 
pond while others left on the , ; 
ground were picked u p by citizen?. :' 
The Milldam was taken down the I 
next summer and much iron val- 1 
uable to the farmers taken out. A j 
few defective muskets were 
found; also one piece of artillery, 
damaged it was not removed ' 
from the mud. Where the whiskey 
and rum bottles were broken the 
fragments lay in heaps for years. 
These were afterwards gathered 
up and sold to the potters for 
glazing purposes. 

To this destruction of his whole 
material train and necessary out- 
fit for a winter campaign Judge 
Schenck attributes the final dis- 
comfiture of Cornwallis at Guil- 
ford Court House. The supplies he 
burned could not be replaced short 
of Wilmington, and thither he was 
compelled to go when a reverse 
met his arms. 

While here Cornwallis requested 
Christian Reinhardt to point out 
Colonel Moore's position ,and de- 
scribe the battle of Ramsour's 

accomodation of the sick and 
wounded. And such was the ardor, 
both of officers and soldiers, and 
their willingness to submit to any 
hardship for the promotion of the 
service, that this arrangement, 
which deprived them of all future 
prospect of spirituous liquors, and 
even hazarded a regular supply of 
provisions, was acquiesced in 
without a murmur." 

Cornwallis crossed the South 
Fork River at the Reep Ford, one 
mile from Ramsour's Mill, and 
pitched his marquee on the Ram- 
sour battle ground; O'Hara re- 
mained on the west bank of the 
river at the Reep place; Webster 
occupied the hill west of the Ram- 
sour Mill; while Tarleton, who had 
crossed the river three miles low- 
er down, between the Laboratory 
and the present railway bridge, in 
rejoining his chief, camped on the., 
hill south of Cornwallis. Foraging 
parties were sent out in different 
directions to collect grain, and 
Ramsour's Mill was kept running 

Mill. At the conclusion his only 
observation was that Colonel 
Moore had a fine position, but did 
not have the tact to defend it; 
that he ought not to have risked 
a battle but should have fallen 
back to Ferguson. 

Early on the morning of the 
28th the British broke camp and 
marched toward Beattie's Ford, a 
distance of twelve miles, to Jacob 
Forney's. The moving Britons, in 
scarlet uniforms, with glittering' 
muskets, made an impressive 
sight, and tradition still preserves 
their route. Jacob Forney was a 
thrifty farmer and well-known 
Whig. Here they encamped three 
days, consuming his entire stock 
of cattle, hogs, sheep and poultry, 
and taking his horses anj forty 
gallons of brandy. Some state that 
Cornwallis approached the Cataw- 
ba on the evening of the 28th, and 
found it considerably swollen and 
impassable for his infantry and 
this caused him to fall back to Ja- 
cob Forney's plantation. 

(To Be Continued.) 


History Lincoln County! 



The Battle Of Cowan's Ford 

The tardiness of Cornwallis was 
not altogether due to the flushed 
condition of the Catawba, however 
much the swollen waters of the 
Yadkin and the Dan may have la- 
ter impeded his pursuit. The prime 
cause of delay was the vigilance 
of the Whigs in guarding the sev- 
eral fords. On the* approach of the 
British, Gen. William Davidson 
Placed guards at- the Tuckaseege, 
Tool's and Cowan's ford; with his 
, , greatest force and Capt. Joseph 
Graham's cavalry troops, he took 
; position himself at Beattie's Ford- 
while Morgan and Washington 
were at Sherrill's Ford. Cornwal- 
hs kept posted on these disposi- 
tions. Cowan's was a private ford 
'guarded only by Lieut. Thomas 
Davison with twenty-five men 
After gathering the best informa- 
tion he could obtain, Cornwallis 
resolved to attempt the passage at 
Cowan's Ford. Each army was 
keeping close watch on the move- 
ments of the other. 4)n the 30th 
j Captain Graham's cavalry was 
dispatched across Beattie's Ford 
J and ascertained that the British 
j were encamped within four miles 
and in two miles they discovered 
one hundred of the enemy's caval- 
' ry, who followed them to the riv- 
er but kept at a respectful dis- 
tance, evincing fear of an ambus- 
cade. Green, Morgan and Wash- 
ington came- to Davidson's head- 
quarters at Beattie's Ford on the I 
afternoon of the 31st and held 
consultation. The British van- 
guard of four or five hundred men 
appeared on the opposite hill be- 
j yond the river and viewed th* 
[American position. After General 
[Green's departure, leaving a por- 
tion of his force at Beattie's Ford 
under Colonel Farmer, General 
Davidson, with 250 men" and the 
cavalry, marched down the river 
four miles to Cowan's Ford, 
where he arrived after dark. 

ing at the bank of the river as day 
began to break. The command of 
the front was given to Colonel 
Hall of the Guards. Under the 
guidance of Frederick Hager, a 
Tory living on the west bank, em- 
ployed by Cornwallis on account 
of his familiarity with the ford, 
the bold Britons plunged into the 
river, with the firm determination j 
of encountering the small band of' 
Americans on the eastern bank. 
When one hundred yards in the 
river they were discovered and fir- 
ed upon by Lieutenant Davidson's 
picket which aroused the guard, 
who kept up the fire, but the ene- 
my continued to advance. No soon- 
er did the guide who attended the 
light infantry to show them the 
ford, hear the report of the senti- 
nel's musket then turned around 
and left them. This, at first seem- 
ed "to portend much mischief but 
in the end proved fortunate for 
the British. Colonel Hall, forsak- 
en by his guide, and not knowinv 
the true direction of the ford, led 
his column directly across the riv- 
er to the nearest point of the op- 
posite bank. The picket fire alarm- 
ed Davidson's camp, who paraded 
at the horse ford, then Graham's 
cavalry was ordered to the assist 
ance of the picket. By the time the 
cavalry were in position on the 
high bank, and ready for action 
the British were within fifty yards 
of the Mecklenburg shore. The 
cavalry poured a destructive fire 
into the advancing columns. The 
British did not fire a gun while in 
the water; as they landed they 
loaded their guns and fired u p the 
bank. The firing was kept up some 
minutes, but the Whigs soon re- 
treated from the unequal contest. 
By the time his Lordship cross- 
ed the river Webster had his force 
in array on the face of the hill 
fronting Beattie's Ford, and was j 
making demonstrations of attemp- ! 
ting a passage. His front lines 
•'ere firing by platoons, a com- 


The river at Cowan's Ford is | 
one-fourth of a mile wide. The \ 
wagon ford went directly across 
the river. The horse ford, entering' 
at the safe place, obliqued down 
the river, through an island, and 
came out on the Mecklenburg side 
a quarter . of a mile lower down. 
The latter was the shallower and 
most used, and the one the British 
were expeted to follow ,so General 
Davidson took position on the hill 
over looking the ford. Above the 
coming-out place of the wagon 
;ford was a narrow strip of level 
bottom and then an abrupt hill. 
Lieutenant Davidson's picket re- 
mained at their post on this level 
strip, fifty steps above the land- 
ing and near the water's edge. 

Comwallis broke camp at one 
in the morning of the first of Feb- 
ruary, and detached Lieutenant- 
Colonel Webster with that part of 
the army and all the baggage to 
Beattie's Ford, where General 
Davidson was supposed to be post- 
ed, with direction to make every 
possible demonstration by cannon- 
ading and otherwise of an inten- 
tion of forcing a passage, while he 
marched to Cowan's Ford, arriv- 

pany went into the water fifty j 
steps and fired ; while four cannons 
were booming for half an hour, , 
the flying balls cutting off the'. 
limbs of trees and tearing up the 
opposite bank, the sound rolling 
down the river like peals of thun- 
der. All this however, was only a 
feint. Colonel Farmer, being noti- 
fied and all united at John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander's that afternoon, 
eight miles from' Charlotte; while 
Cornwallis united his force two 
miles from Beattie's Ford at Giv- 
en's farm. 

In this action the Americans 
lost General Davidson, a gallant, 
brave and generous officer, and 
three others. Of the British, Colo- 
nel Hall and another officer and 
twenty-nine privates were killed 
and thirty-five were wounded. The 
Horse of Cornwallis was shot and 
fell dead as he ascended the bank. 
Lord Cornwallis on the 2nd of 
February returns his thanks "to 
the Brigade of Guards for their 
cool and determined bravery in 
the passage of the Catawba, while 
rushing through that long and dif- 
ficult ford under a galling fire." 
(To Be Continued.) 


History Lincoln County! 



Importance Of These 


On the 18th of June, 1780, Gen 
eral Rutherford, in command o: 
I the Mecklenburg and Rowan mili- 
tia, marched to attack the Tories 
at Ramsour's Mill. At the Cataw- 
ba, Col. William Graham, -with the 
Lincoln County Regiment, united 
with General Rutherford, swelling 
his command to twelve hundred. 
He encamped at Col. Joseph Dick- 
son's three miles from the Tuck- 
asegee, twenty miles from Ram- 
sour's and about the same dis- 
tance from Colonel Lockee 
Mountain Creek. General Ruther- 
ford dispatched a message direct- 
ing Colonel Locke to join him at 
I the Dickson place on the evening 
of the 19th or the morning of the 
20th. However, no junction was 
formed and after a hard and well- 
fought battle Colonel Locke de- 
feated the Tories. General Ruth- 
—ford followed the Tuckaseegee 

""<=u u,,ic j. ucitaseegee WV1 "««m» at iorK 

road and arrived at Ramsour's direct consequences. 

Mill two hours after the battle. Lincoln County Pension Roll 

The dead anH mncf ^f +u~ j On +Vio r. Q v,e.;~„ ,.„n __ i -. 

The dead and most of the wound 
ed were lying where they fell. 
General Rutherford remained here 
two days sending Davie's Cavalry 
and other troops in pursuit of the 
Tories, thus accenting the victory 
and making the defeat crushing 
and complete, subduing the loyal- 
list spirit, with consequent en- 
'couragement of the patriots. 

Three days after the battle All- 
aire, who was with Ferguson, re- 

On the pension roll as late a 
1834, more than fifty years afte 
the Revolution, the following i 
the Lincoln County list of Soldi 
ers yet living and drawing pen- 
sions: Robert Abernethy, Vincent 
Allen, Christian Arney, Matthew! 
Armstrong, Robert Berry, Jonas I 
Bradshaw, Casper Bolick, Alexan>- j 
der Brevard, Samuel Caldwell,! 
William Carroll, John Chittim," 
Michal Cline, Samuel Collins;, 

ane, wno was with Ferguson, re- j Michal Cline, Samuel Collini 
fernng to the batle of Ramsouar'e Martin Coulter, Thomas Costneu! 
Mill, recorded in his diarv: "Fri .. I George Dameron. Josenh n;v M ' 

Mill, recorded in his diary; "Fri 
day, 23d. Lay in the field at Nine- 
ty-six. Some friends came in. Four 
were wounded. The militia had 
embodied at Tuckaseegee, on the 
South Fork of the Catawba River. 
Were attacked by a party of re- 
bels, under command of General 
Rutherford. The militia were 
scant of ammunition, which ob- 
liged them to retreat. They were 
obliged to swim the river at the 
milldam. The Rebels fired on 
them and killed thirty." Col. John 
Moore with thirty men reached 
Cornwallis at Camden, where he 
(was threatened with a trial by 
: court-martial? for hastening, or- 
ganization in advance of Fergu- 

George Dameron, Joseph Dixoii, 
Peter Eddlemon, William Elmori 
Samuel Espey, James Farewell, 
Abraham Forney, Robinson Good:- 
win, Joseph Graham, William 
Gregory, Nathan Gwaltney, Nich- 
olas Hafner, Simon Hager, John 
Harman, John Helms, James Hen- 
ry, James Hill, John Kidd, John 
Kincaid, Robert Knox, Shadrack 
Lefcy, Tapley McHannas, Marma- 
duke Maples, Samuel Martin,! 
Thomas Mason, William Mayes, J 
William McCarthy, William Mc- j 
Lean, Nathan Mendenhall, Alex- 1 
ander Moore, John Moore, William 
Moore, Jeremiah Mundy, Humph - 
. Parker, Hiram Pendleton. 
Jacob Plonk, William Potter, Wil- ! 
Ham Rankin, Charlie Regan, 

point in the war. But for this bat- 
tle Moore and Welch could have 
reinforced Ferguson with an army 
of 1,500 or 2,000 men, and there 
might have been no King's Moun- 
tain, or King's Mountain with a 
different result. But instead of aid 
to Ferguson, the Lincoln Regi- 
ment with the South Carolinians 
under Hill and Lacey were again 
encamped on the Catawba, and 
when Colonel Williams crossed the 
Tuckaseegee, and united with 
these troops, the entire force en- 
countering no opposition, followed 
the Tuckaseegee road, via Ram- 
sour's Mill, the Flint Hill road to 
Cherry Mountain, later uniting 
with the mountain men at the 
Cowpens, the next day helping to 
destroy Ferguson, and gain the 
glorious victory, that makes the 
name of King's Mountain famous 
in our country's history, of which 
the Battle of Cowpens, Guilford 
Court House and the surrender of 
Cornwallis at Yorktown were the 

The Battle of Ramsour's mill 
was fraught with important re- 
sults. It was fought at a gloomy 
period of the Revolution, when the 
cause of liberty seemed pi*ostrate 
and hopeless in the South. The 
victorious British considered 

South Carolina and Georgia re- 
stored to English rule and were 
planning the invasion of North 
Carolina. It marks the turning 

Adam Keep, Michael Keep, Joshua 
Roberts, James Robinson, Henry 
Rumfeldt, Peter Scrum, John 
Stamey, Bartholomew Thompson, 
Charles Thompson, Phillip Till- 
man, Conrad Tippong, Robert 
Tucker, John Turbyfill, Charles 
Whit, John Wilfong, Joseph Wil- 
lis, James Wilkinson, and Elisha 


: Continued.) 

HJstoryUncoln County 


Mill and including the forks of the 

Lincolnton And Lincoln County road lead ing to Cansler's saw- 

mill." The grant for same was 

When Tryon County was divid- made December 14th, 1785, to 

ed the Tryon Court house fell in «j osep h Dickson in trust ^ ±or ^tne 

Lincoln County, but too near its 
western border for public conven- 
ience. The courts for part of the 
years 1783 and 1784 were held at 
the house of Capt. Nicholas Friday. 
His residence stood on the east 
side of the river, seven miles south 
of Lincolnton. The courts of July 
and October sessions, 1784 were 
1 held at the house of Henry Delling 
,er, and his spring house was de. 
signated as the "gaol." This 
spring house was a two-story af- 
• fair, the lower stone, the upper 
Hogs; the upper story was used as 
the public jail. Some of the pns- 
l oners escaping, the sheriff was or- 
dered "to make use of a room in 
Henry Dellinger's house 
strengthened for the purpose of a 
common gaol." The sheriffs, for 
protection against the escape of 
prisoners, from these very odd 
jails, always had entered on the 
court record their "protest against 
the sufficiency of said gaol." The 
site of Henry Dellinger's home is 
Magnolia, six miles southeast of 
Lincolnton, where the late John B 
Smith lived 

citizens of Lincoln County. The 
General Assembly, in 1786, grant- : 
ed a charter for Lincolnton, recit- 
ing that the place is "a healthy , 
and plasant situation and well wa- 1 
tred." The same year the townj 
was laid off into lots. At the m-i 
tersection of Main and Aspm ■ 
streets the two principal streets, 
of the town, was laft a public i 
square on which the court-house 
was erected. The first hundred 
lots laid off the commissioners 
disposed of by a town lottery, the 
draft of which and the papers con- 
nected therewith are yet on file. 
Chances were taken by the prom- 
inent men of that day and also by 
many ladies. A specimen ticket 
reads: "This ticket entitles the 
bearer to whatever number is 
drawn against it in the Lincoln 
Lottery, No. 86, Jo. Dickson." The 
corporate limits have been twice 
extended in the last decade, and 
the western boundary now rests 
on Clark's Creek and the South J 
Fork River. » 

In the history of Lincolnton and I 
Lincoln County the name of, 

mith lived. juihcuih w*«»j — . . 

While the location of the county Joseph Dickson stands conspicu- 
seat remained an open question, the ous. The site of his homestead is 
may of the county changed. In two miles northwest of Mount ^ 
1753, the western portion of the Holly ,on the line of the Seaboard , 
Granville domain was set up into Air Line Railroad. Gen Ruther- ; 
the county of Rowan. Rowan in I ford, en route to attack the lories, 
1777 was divided by a line begin- at Ramsour's Mill, encamped at I 
ning on the Catawba River at the Dickson's the night before the bat- , 
Tryon and Mecklenburg corner, tie. He accompanied General, 
'thence up the meanders of the said Rutherford next day over the t 
| river to the north end of an is- ground then vacant land, where 
land, known as "the Three Corner- five years later, the grant was ] 
ed Island " etc., and the territory made to him as proprietor in trust 
west and south of said line erect- for the citizens of Lincoln County, 
ed into a new county, by the name He was one of the immortal heroes 

of Burke, and the county seat 
Morganton, located fifty miles 
from the southeast part of the 
county on the Catawba. It being 
represented to the General As- 
: sembly that "certain of the inha"B- 
iitants of Burke labor under great 
hardships in attending on courts 

of Kirrgs Mountain. With the rank l 
of major he was one of the off i- j 
cers that led the South Fork boys 
up the rugged northeast end of 
the mountain, facing with un- 
daunted spirit the lead and the 
charge of the enemy's bayonet. In | 
1781 he opposed the British invas 

and" other public "meetings fromjionof North Carolina, serving 1 
.their remote situation from the | with the rank of colonel. I 

court house," in 1782 it enacted 
(that all that part of Burke from 
Sherrill's Ford to the Fish Dam 
Ford of the South Fork "and from 
thence a southwest course to Earl 
Granville's old line," be taken 
from Burke and added to Lincoln 
County. In 1784 a greater slice of 
Burke was added to Lincoln. The 
line separating the counties began 
at the Horst Ford on the Catawba 
and ended at the same point in the 
Granville line. This is now a not- 
ed point, known as the "Three 
County Corner," the corner of Lin- 
coln, Burke and Cleveland, and is 
the only established point in the 
old Granville line west of the Ca- 
tawba River. 

The act of 1784 appointed 
Joseph Dickson, John Carruth, 
John Wilson, Joseph Steel and 
Nicholas Friday, commissioners to 
locate the county town, which they 
did by entering for the purpose 
three hundred acres of "vacant 
'and unappropriated land, lying 
i between the lines of Ohristain 
Reinhardt and Phillip Cansler in 
our county of Lincoln on both sid- 
es of the wagon road leading from 
+>ip Tuckaseege Ford to Ramsour's 

this year he was elected county 
court clerk, which office he held 
the next ten years. He was chair- 
man of the committee that select- 
ed the site of Lincolnton, and the 
grant for the land on which the 
town was built was made to him. 
The grantor to all the original pur- 
chasers of lots is, "Joseph Dick- 
son, Esq. proprietor in trust for 
the commissioners appointed to 
lay off a town in the county of 
Lincoln by the name of Lincoln - 
ton." He was chosen Senator from 
Lincoln County in 1788, and con- 
tinuously succeeded himself until 
1795. In 1789 he was one of the 
forty great men of the State se- 
lected by the" General Assembly 
to constitute the first trustees of 
the University of North Carolina. 
He then served as a general in the 
militia. From 1799 to 1801 he was 
a member of Congress. December 
27th, 1803, he sold his plantation 
of twelve hundred acres, and re- 
moved to Rutherford County, Ten- 
nessee, whei-e he died, April 24th, 
1825, aged eighty years, and was 
buried with military and Masonic 

(To Be Continued ) 

History Lincoln County 



Lincolnton is situate 869 feet 
above sea level in the hill county 
of the great Piedmont belt. In the 
county are Reece, Clubbs, Daily, 
Rush and Buffalo Mountains; they 
are small peaks not larger than 
Hog Hill in the northern part of 
the county. From Lincolnton 
mountains are visible in almost 
every direction. On the northeast 
is Anderson's Mountain; in the 
southwest looms up King's Moun- 
tain, on whose historic heights 
was fought the memorable battle 
that broke the power of the Brit- 
ish crown; in line with King's 
Mountain to the south can be seen 
Spencer, Crowder and Pasour 
Mountains; in the north and north 
west are Baker's Mountain, Car- 
penter, and Ben's Knobs, and 
numerous peaks of the South 
Mountains; while in the distance 
in solemn grandeur lies the up- 
turned face of the Grandfather; 
and yet still farther away rise the 
far-distant peaks of the great 
Blue Ridge. The Carolina and 
Northwestern Railway comes in 
from Chester, South Carolina, and 
runs northwesterly into the heart 
of the mountains of North Caro- 
lina; while from the east comes in 
the Seaboard Air Line, and ex- 
tends westwardly to Rutherford - 

Lincoln thus remained a large 
county until 1841, when the first 
slice was taken to form, with a 
portion of Rutherford the county 
of Cleveland. In 1842, Catawba 
was set up from Lincoln by an 
east and west line passing one and 
a half miles north of Lincolnton. 
In 1846, the southern part was 
set off into the county of Gaston, 
by a line to pass four and a half 
miles south of Lincolnton, and 
four miles of Catawba ceded back 
to Lincoln. The formation of these 
new counties reduced Lincoln to a 
narrow strip, ten miles in width 
with an average length of thirty 
miles, and it is with this strip 
that the remander of this narra- 
tive will deal. Lincoln County is 
bounded on the north by Catawba 
County; on the east by the Cataw- 
ba River, which separates it from 
Iredell and Mecklenburg; on the 
south by Gaston; on the west by 
Cleveland, and one-fourth mile of 

1807 to Fall term, 1833, when he 
resigned. At the Fall term, 1853, 
John D. Hoke applied for the 
clerk's office, having been elected 
pursuant to act 132. Then fol- 
lowed the suit of "Hoke vs. Hen- 
derson,' 'in which Mr. Henderson 
was the Avinner. This was a fam- 
case. It decided that an office 
is property, and was not -reversed 
until 1903, and then by a major- 
ity opinion, two justices dissent- 

Pleasant Retreat Academy. 
This school occupied four acres 
in the northern part of Lincolnton. 
From its institution it bore the at- 
tractive name of Pleasant Retreat 
Academy. The older students de- 
lighted to speak of its refreshing 
shades— the oak and the hickorv 
mterspersed with the chestnut and 
the chinquepin— and the spring at' 
the foot of the hill. It was charter- j 
ed by the General Assembly, 10th I 
December, 1843, with the follow- j 
ing trustees; Rev. Phillip Henkle. 
Rev, Humphrey Hunter, Lawson 
Henderson, Joseph Graham, John 
Fullenwider, John Hoke, Peter 
Forney, Robert Williamson, Dan- 
iel Hoke, J. Reinhardt, Vardry 
McBee, David Ramsour, Peter 
Hoyle, Henry Y. Webb, George 
Carruth, William McLean, Robert 
Burton, John Reid, and David 
Reinhardt. In this school were 
trained a long roll of men whose 
names adorn their county's his- 
tory. Of its students- 
James Pinkney Henderson, son 
^ Maj. Lawson Henderson, 
sought the broad area of the 
"Lone Star State" for the full de- 
velopment of his giant intellect 
and won fortune and fame. An 
eminent lawyer, Attorney- General 
of the Republic of Texas, its min- 
ister Plenipotentiary and Envoy 
Extraordinary to France, England 
and the United States, Major-Gen- 
eral of the United States Army 
in the War with Mexico, Governor, 
of Texas, and at the time of Ifis 
death United States Senator, he 
adorned the positions his courage 
and talents won. 

William Lander, brilliant, impe- 
tuous and chivalric, was one of 
I the foremost advocates of the bar 
and member of the convention 
from Lincoln County that passed 
the Ordinance of Secession. After- 

First Superior Court Clerk 

Lawson Henderson was long an 
influential citizen, filling the offi- 
es of county surveyor, sheriff, and 
clerk of the county and Superior 
Courts. He was a son of James 
Henderson, a pioneer settler, and 
was appointed Superior Court 
Clerk for life under the Act of As- 
sembly of 1806 establishing a Su- 
perior Court in each county of the 
State. He served from April term 

wards his splendid eloquence 
found congenial fellowship amid 
the fiery spirits of the Confeder- 
ate Congress. Lawyer, solicitor, 
legislator and member of the Con- 
federate Congress, he has a monu- 
ment of love and affection in the 
hearts of those who knew him. His 
brother, Rev. Samuel Lander, was 
a man of broad scholarship, an 
educator of note, and a preacher 
of wide repute. 

(To Be Continued) 






History Lincoln County 




Thomas Dews, when a mere lad, 
entered the State University, 
graduated in the class of 1824, 
taught awhile in Pleasant Retreat, 
and began the practice of law. He 
was drowned in Second Broad 
River, August 4th, 1838, aged 30 
years, 2 months and 25 days. His 
remains lie in honor beneath a 
marble shaft, the tribute of a no- 
ble-hearted woman to the man 
who adored her while he lived, and 
marks the spot where rests her 
lover and her love. Judge William , 

ZSSmZr«£-jr«z » <*_*- «te 

of paper, and passed it around to 
the merriment of the bar; and 
when Colonel Dodge had finished 
his speech, he found lying on his 

"Epitaph Of James R. Dodge, 

Esq., Attorney-At-Law. 

"Here lies a Dodge, who dodged 

all good, 
And dodged a deal of evil, 
Who after dodging all he could, 
He could not dodge the Devil." 

Mr. Dodge read the paper, turn- 
ed it over and wrote on the other 

talents and his genius. Toward the 
close of an address before the lit- 
erary societies at the commence- 
ment of 1865, growing reminis- 
cent, Judge Battle said: "I wUl oc- 
cupy a few more moments of your 
time in recalling from the dan re- 
collections of the past the names 
of a few men, each of whori was 
regarded as a college genius of 
the day, and Who with well direct- 
ed energies, and a longer life 
might have left a name the world 
would not willingly let die. In the 
year 1824 Thomas Dews, a young 
man from the county of Lincoln, 
took his degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, dividing with Prof. Sims, 
Judge Manly and ex-Governor 
Graham the highest honor of the 
class. His parents were poor, and 
it is said resorted to the humble 
occupation of selling cakes for the 
purpose of procuring means for 
the education of their promising 
boy. After graduation, he studied 
law and commenced the practice 
with every prospect of eminent 
success, when unhappily, a morbid 
sensitiveness of temperament 
drove him to habits of intemper- 
ance, during one of the", fits of 
which he came to an untimely end. 
his name, which ought to have 
gone down to posterity on account 
of great deeds achieved by extra- 
ordinary talents, will probably be 
remembered only in connction 
with a happily-turneTl impromptu 
epitaph." Yet it has gone down 
in history immortalized by his 
neighbor and friend, Col. James R. 

'Here lies a Hillman and a Swain, 
Whose lot let no man choose: 
They lived in sin and died in pain, 
And the Devil got his Dews" 
Among the post-bellum stu- 
dents are Hoke Smith, lawyer 
journalist, Secretary of 'the Inter- 
ior, and Governor of Georgia; 
William Alexander Hoke, Asso- 
ciate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina; William 
Shipp, Lietenant Tenth United j 
•.-_ /-i 1-.. i,;iloJ r>n Ran Juan i 

States Cavalry, killed on San Juan 
Hill, Battle of Santiago, July 1st, | 
1898; T. H. Cobb, Beverly C. Cobb,| 
David W. Robinson, Charles E. 
Childs, Charles C. Cobb and Lem- 
uel B. Wetmore, Lawyer; Silas 
McBee, Editor of the Churchman; 
Rev. William L. Sherrill of the 
Western North Carolina Confer- 
ence; William E. Grigg, banker; 
Blair and Hugh Jenkins, Charles 
and Henry Robinson, merchants; 
William W. Motz, architect and 
builder; William A. Costner, 
Thomas J. Ranisour, Charles M. 
Sumner, farmers and a long list of 

The Pleasant Retreat Academy 
property has been transferred to 
the Daughters of the Confederacy 
for a Memorial Hall. In this there 
is eminent fitness, for among its 
students were William A. Graham, 
Confederate States Senator; Wil- 
liam Lander, member of the Con 
federate Congress; Maj. Gen. 
Stephen D. Ramseur; Maj. Gen. 
Robert F. Hoke; Col. John F. 
Hoke; Col. William J. Hoke; Maj. 

Dodge a distinguished practition 
er for many years at the Lincoln- 
ton Bar. Colonel Dodge, was a son 
of Gen. Richard Dodge and Sarah 
Ann Dodge, his mother being a 
sister of Washington Irving, 
New York. Those acquainted with 
the playful writings of Washing- 
ton Irving will not be surprised 
at the spontaneous retort of his 
nephew. But one residence separ- 
ated the Dews home from that of 
Colonel Dodge in Lincolnton. At 
Apirl term 1832 of Rutherford Su- 
perior Court, David L. Swain, af- 
terwards Governor, was on the 
bench and in the bar were Samuel 
Hillman, Tom Dews and Mr. 
Dodge. While Mr. Dodge was acV 
dressing the jury, Judge Swain re- 
called a punning epitaph on a man 
named Dodge, wrote it on a piece 

Frank Schenck; Capts. James F.j 
Johnston, Joseph W. Alexander, 
George W. Seagle, George L. Phif - 1 
er, James D. Wells, and others,, 
making an honor roll of more than 
a hundred Confederate soldiers, f 
Lincolnton Female Academy » 
was chartered by the General As- 
sembly December 21st, 1821, with 
James Bivings, Vardry McBee, 
David Hoke, John Mushatt, Jo- 
seph E. Bell, and Joseph Morris, 
Trustees. Four acres on the south 
side of the town were conveyed to 
the trustees for school purposes, 
and the two school properties 
were connected by - Academy 
street. The Female Academy like- 
s had a long and useful career. 
It is now the site of the Lincoln- 
ton Graded School. 

(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 


Hows : 


Early Settlers And Churches 

The early settlers of Lincoln 
were of Scotch-Irish and German 
origin. There were but few of oth- 
er nationalities. They came in 
swarms, by "hundreds of wagons 
from the northwards." About the 
year 1750, the Scotch-Irish settle- 
ment covered both banks of the 
Catawba, so the eastern portion of 
Lincoln was populated by this 
race, while the South Pork and its 
tributaries — the remainder of the 
county — were contemporaneously 
settled by Germans. 

The Scotch-Irish are stern and 
virile, noted for hatred of sham, 
hypocrisy and oppression. The 
German are hardy and thrifty 
characterized by love of home and 
country, tenacious of custom and 
slow to change. Both were a lib- 
erty-loving, God-fearing • people, 
among whom labor was dignified 
and honorable. A charm about 
these pioneers is that their heads 
were not turned by ancestral dis- 
tinction. They were self-reliant 
and mastered the primeval forest, 
with its hardships and disadvan- 
tages. They became adepts in han- 
dicraft and combated the foes of 
husbandry in an unsettled region. 
They were the silent heroes who 
shaped destiny and imbued unborn 
generations with strength of 
Character and force of will. The 
rly Scotch-Irish preachers 
taught the creed of Calvin and 
'Knox, and the first place of wor- 
ship on the east side was Presby- 
terian. The pioneer Germans were 
followers of the great central fig- 
ure of the Reformation, Martin 
Luther, and the Swiss Reformer, 
Ulrick Zwingle, and the oldest 
place of worship on the west side 
is Lutheran and Reformed. Today 
the county is dotted with churches 
which, according to numerical 
strength, rank in the following or- 
der; Methodist Episcopal, Baptist, 
Lutheran, Methodist Protestant, 
Presbyterian, Reformed and Pro 
testant Episcopal. 

organists to lead the choir. In 
those days the congregation sung, 
being led by a precentor called the 
clerk, a man of importance, and 
the minister lined out the hymn. 
Four young men from Lincolnton 
attended a camp meeting. When 
the minister lined out a couplet 
of a familiar hymn, the congrega- 
tion followed the clerk, sung the 
couplet and paused for the next. 
The four boy filled with the spirit 
of John Barleycorn, paused not, 
but in well-trained musical voice, 
carrying the several parts finish- 
ed the stanza; then the second and 
th« entire hymn to the dismay of 
the minister, the clerk, and dumb- 
founding of the congregation. A 
charge of disturbing public wor- 
ship was preferred in the courts, 
conviction followed and the offen- 
ders sentenced to sit one hour in 
the stocks. 

Most of the people in North 
Brook, the western township in 
the county, are Methodist Protest- 
ants, and they have one church, 
Fairfield, near the Catawba River- 
on the eastern side of the county. 
Long Creek was the first Bap- 
tist church established in Lincoln 
County, either in 1772 or 1777. It 
is on Long Creek, one mile from 
Dallas. Hebron was organized at 
Abernethy's Ferry on the Cataw- 
ba about 1792. Six miles from 
Beattie's Ford was Earhardt's 
church, constituted in the 18th 
century. Abraham Earhardt, upon 
whose land the church was creat- 
ed, was an ordained minister and 
preached at his church and else- 
where. He married Catherine For- 
ney, sister of Peter, Abram, and 
Jacob Fornev, and owned more 
than a thousand acres of land, on 
which he operated a flouring mill, 
tan yard, blacksmith shop and a 
distillery. Tne Reinhardt place is 
now the home of Maj. W. A. Gra- 
ham. Today the Baptists have 
churches in every section, of the 

When churches were few camp 
meetings were held by the Pres- 
byterians, Baptist, Reformed, Pro- 
testants and Methodists. They 
have all been discontinued except 
one, the celebrated Rock Spriags 
Camp Meeting of the Methodists 
in East Lincoln. There a great ar- 
bor is surrounded by three hun- 
dred tents, and the meeting has 
been held annually since 1830. It 
is incorporated after the style of a 
[town, and governed much the 
same way. It is held on forty-five 
acres of ground conveyed 7th 
August, 1830, by Joseph M. Munch- 
to Freeman Shelton, Richard 
Proctor and James Bivings, trus- 
tees of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Lincoln circuit. The estate 
an owner has in a lot is condition- 
al, and ceases upon failure to keep 
and maintain a tent on it. The 
meeting continues one week and 
embraces the second Sunday in 
August. It is attended by all de- 
nominations from the surrounding 
counties by from ten thousand to 
fifteen thousand people. Deep re- 
ligious interest is manifest and 
many date their conversion from 
these meetings. Viewed from a so- 
cial standpoint this is also a great 
occasion. The old camp ground 
combines the best elements of so- 
cial life in the country, city and 
summer resort. Rock Springs is 
the successor of an older camp 
ground called Robey's which was 
situate near the Catawba Springs. 
The memory of the old people 
runs back to the time when the 
printing press had not filled the 
churches with hymn books, when 
there were no church organs, nor 

The act of the Provincial Assem- 
bly in 1768, erecting that portion 
of Mecklenburg County west of 
the Catawba into a separate coun- 
ty by the name of Tryon, also 
created Saint Thomas Parish; and 
according to the custom of that 
day, county and parish were co- 
terminous. While nominally under 
a church establishment, no clergy- 
man of the Church of England ex- 
ercised any pastoral care in col- 
onial days. In 1785 Robert John- 
ston Miller, afterwards known as 
Parson Miller, came to Lincoln, 
and became the religious teacher, 
lay reader, and catechist of the 
Episcopalians he found in the 
county. While avowing himself an 
Episcopalian, he received Luther- 
an ordination. In 1806 he resigned 
his Lincoln charge to David Hen- 
kle, a Lutheran licentiate, and re- 
moved to Burke. From 1785 to 

1823, Parson Miller was almost 
the only Episcopal minister in this 
region. In 1823 John Stark Rav- 
enscroft was selected Bishop, Par- 
son Miller, being in the chair. The 
Bishop visited Lincoln County in 

1824, and in the three parishes of 
Smyrna, White Haven and St, Pet- 
er's confirmed forty-one persons. 
In 1828 he again visited Catawba 
Springs and endeavored to collect 
the remains of the three old par- 
ishes in that neighborhood, but 
found it a hopeless task. While at 
the Spring, he preached at Beat- 
tie's Ford and "on Sunday in the 
public room at the Springs to such - 
of the company as a very rainy 

, day detained from visiting a camp 
J meeting in the vicinity." 
(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln County 



In the year 1835 Dr. Moses A. 
Curtis, the noted botanist, was 
stationed at Lincolnton. The year 
1837 found him in another field. 
On the 2d of March, 1842, Col. 
John Hoke conveyed to "E. M. 
Forbes, Jeremiah W. Murphy, T. 
N. Herndon, Michael Hoke, Leon- 
ard E. Thompson and Haywood 
W. Guion, vestry and trustees of 
the Saint Luke's church in Lin- 
colnton, the lot on which Saint 
Luke's church yet stands. Its rec- 
tors have been Rev. E. M. Forbes, 
Rev. A. F. Olmstead, Rev. J. C. 
Huske, Rev. T. S. W. Mctft, Rev. 
H. H. Hewitt, Rev. C. T. Bland, 
Rev G. M. Everhart, and Rev. Dr. 
W. R. Wetmore for forty years— 
from 1862 until his death. 
| Rev. Robert Johnston Miller 
was born in Scotland July 11th, 
1758. His parents designed him 
for the ministry, and sent him to 
the Dundee classical school. Be- 
fore he entered the ministry he 
migrated to America, arriving in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, A. D. 
1774. Soon after the colonies de- 
clared their independence and 
young Miller at once espoused the 
i of liberty, and when Gener- 
al Greene passed through Boston, 
he enlisted as a Revolutionary 
soldier. He participated in the 
ties of Long Island, where he was 
wounded in the face, of Brandy- 
wine, White Plains, and the siege 
of Valley Forge. With the arms 
he travelled south, where he re- 
mained after peace was restored 
and the army disbanded. He began 
his work as a licentiate of the 
Episcopal church without author- 
ity to administer the sacraments. 
His people of White Haven 
Church, in Lincoln County, sent a 
petition to the Lutheran pastors 
of Cabarrus and Rowan, with high 
recommendations, praying that he 
might be ordained by them, which 
was accordingly done at St. John's 
church, Cabarrus County, on 
29th of May, 1794. His ordination 
certificate reads; "To all to whom 
it may concern, Greetings; Wher 
as, A great number of Christian 
people in Lincoln County have 
formed themselves into a 
| by the name of White 

terian Chuch. The Lutherans sub- 
sequently bui't a White Haven 
three miler north on the same 
highway. Rev. Miller attended the 
Episcopal Convention, held in Ra- 
leigh, April 28th, 1821. His object 
was to connect himself fully with 
the Episcopal Church, to which he 
really belonged. As there was no 
Episcopal diocese at the time of 
his ordination in the state, he felt 
it his duty to form a temporary 
connection with the Lutheran 
Church, was admitted a member 
of the Lutheran North Carolina 
Synod at its organization in 1803, 
and labored for her welfare twen- 
ty-seven years, until 1821, when 
he severed that connection, and 
■dained to deacon's and 
priest's orders in the Episcopal 
ministry. Mr. Miller likewise at- 
tended the Lutheran North Caro- 
lina Synod in 1821, and from its 
minutes the following is quoted; 
The president now reported that 
the Rev. R. J. Miller, who had la- 
bored for many years as one of 
our ministers had been ordained 
by the Bishop of the Episcopal 
Church as a priest at a convention 
of that church; that he had always 
regarded imself "as belonging to 
that church, but because the -Epis- 
copal Church had no existence at 
that time in this State, he had 
himself ordained by our ministry, 
with the understanding that he 
still belonged to the Episcopal 
Church. But as the said Church 
had now reorganized itself (in this 
State)) he has united himself with 
it, and thus disconnected himself 
from our Synod, as was allowed 
him at his ordination by our min- 
isters. Rev. Miller then made a 
short address before the Synod 
and the congregation then assem- 
bled in which he distinctly ex- 
plained his position, so that no 
one should be able to say that he 
had apostatized from our Synod, 
since he had been ordained by our 
ministerium as a minister of the 
Episcopal Church. He then prom- 
ised that he would still aid and 
stand by us as much as lay in hi* 
power. With this explanation the 
whole matter was well understood 
society by the entire assembly, and was 
Haven | deemed perfectly satisfactory. 

church, and also have formed 
vestry: We the subscribers having 
been urged by the pressing call 
from the said church to ordain a 
minister for the good of their chil- 
dren, and for the enjoyment of ye 
gospel ordinances among them, 
from us, the ministers of the Lu- 
theran Church in North Carolina, 
have solemnly ordained," etc., "ac- 
cording to ye infallible word of 
God, administer ye sacraments, 
and to have ye care of souls; he 
always being obliged to obey ye 
rules, ordinances and customs of 
ye Christian Society, called ye 
Protestant Episcopal Church in 
America," etc. This White Haven 
was situated near the Catawba, on 
the opposite side of the great 
highway from Castanea Presby- 

Whereupon it was resolved that 
that the president tender to Rev. 
Miller our sincere thanks, in the 
name of the Synod, for the faith- 
ful services he had hitherto ren- 
dered our church. This was im- 
mediately done in a feeling man- 
ner." Mr. Miller died in 1833. One 
of the last acts of his ministry was 
to marry in that year Col. Michael 
Hoke and Miss Frances Burton, 
daughter of Judge Robert H. Bur- 
ton. The marriage took place at 
Beattie's Ford. A carriage was 
sent to bring Mr. Miller from 
Burke to solemnize it. Some time 
after marriage Colonel and Mrs. 
Hoke were confirmed. One of their 
sons is the distinguished Confed- 
erate General, Robert F. Hoke. 
(To Be Continued) 



History Lincoln County 



Col. W. L. Saunders, errwnent 
authority, pays the State a tribute 
(CoL. Records, IV, Pref. Notes)., 
that applies to Lincoln County: 
'Remembering the route that 
General Lee Took when he went 
into Pennsylvania on the memor- 
able Gettysburg campaign, it wilt 
; be seen that very many of the 
North Carolina boys, both of Ger 
man and Scotch-Irish descent, ii 
following their great leader, visit- 
: ed the home of their ancestors, 
'and went thither by the very 
route by which they came away. 
To Lancaster and York counties in 
Pennsylvania, North Carolina 
owes more to her population than 
to any other part of the known 
world, and surely there was nev 
er a better population than they 
and their descendants — never bet- 
ter citizens, and certainly never 
better soldiers." 

As the waters of the Catawba, 
that have its eastern border, and 
the South Fork, that flows 
through its center, united as they 
left old Lincoln in their onward 
sweep to form the Great Catawba, 
so have the settlers on the Ca- 
tawba and the South Fork merg- 
ed into a Scotch-Irish-German 
people, preserving the virtues, and 
mayhap the weaknesses, of a no- 
ble ancestry. These settlements 
will be noticed separately. 

The Scotch-Irish Side 
Early in the eighteenth century 
the Scotch-Irish emigrated to 
Pennsylvania, and from thence 
some came direct, while others, 
and their descendants settled in 
Virginia before coming to this sec • 
tion. A few of these settlers may 
have been of other nationalities, 
but a careful writer has referred 
to this part of the country as "one 
of the areas of North Carolina, 
dominated by the sturdy Scotch- 
Irish strain; where the thistle and 
and the shamrock were planted to- 
ward the close of the eighteenth 
century; were they throve and 
flourished, and unaided produced 
results marvelous for the place 
and time. The Scotch gumption 
and Irish ardor, finely blended, 
was the patrimony of this sec- 

"'No useless coffin enclosed his 

Nor in sheet nor in shroud they 

wound him." 

I The site of his lone grave in 
the depth of the wildwood is yet 
pointed out, situate near the old" 
log fort where Jacob Forney first 

Among the settlers on this side 
occur the names, Allen, Anderson, 
Armstrong, Baldridge, Ballard, 
Barkley, Barnett, Beal, Bell, Beat- 
ty, Black, Bradshaw, Brevard, 
Bryant, Cherry, Childers, Cooper, 
Cox, Daily, Davis, Derr, Duncan, 
Edwards, Graham, Hunter, Hutch- 
inson, Jetton, Johnston, Kelly, 
Kincaid, King, Knox, Little, Long, 
Lowe, Lucky, Lynch, McAlister, 
McGaul, McCombs, McConnell, 
McCormiek, Mcintosh, McLean, 
McMinn, Nixon, Proctor, Regan, 
Reid, Robinson, Shelton, Stacy, 
Thompson, Wilkinson, Wingate, 
and Womack; while in the western 
part, are found, Alexander, Bax- 
ter, Blackburn, Cobb, Goodson, 
Henderson, Hill, McBee, McCaslin, 
Potts, Ramsey, Williamson, Wil- 
son, and others. 

The first pale face to set foot 
on the soil of Lincoln was the bold 
pioneer, John Beatty. One of his 
land grants bears date July 17th, 
1749. He settled on the west bank 
of the Catawba. The shoal at this 
point, over which the river tum- 
bles with a gentle murmur, forms 
a splendid ford. It was at this ford 
John Beatty crossed, and it yet 
bears his name, Beattie's Ford. 
As the soil of Lincoln at Beattie'^ 
Ford felt the primal tread of An- 
gle-Saxon, Beattie's Ford deserv- 
edly figures largely in the recital. 
The old pioneer, John Beatty, 
located his home above the ford, 
in the shade of the illside, over- 
looking the beautiful Catawba. 
Near by gurgled a limpid spring, 
r aters trickling off in a 
sparkling brooklet to the river. 
John Beatty had two sons, Thorn - 
and Abel, and one daughter, 
Mary, the wife, of Matthew Arm- 
strong. It is always interesting to 
hear the last words of the depart- 

On the early maps the Great 
Catawba marked the tribual divi- 
sion between the Catawba and 
the Cherokees. East of the river 
dwelt the Catawbas, once a num- 
erous and powerful people. This 
nation "writ its name in water,' 1 
the Catawba embalms it and it 
will be perpetuated while its ma- 
jestic waters flow. 

'To where the Atlantic lifts her 

voice to pour 
A song of praise upon the sound- 
ing shore." 

As the white settlements ex- 
tended, the Cherokees receded to- 
ward the setting sun, and occupied 
the peaks of the Blue Ridge. Rov- 
ing bands raided the settlements. 
One of the Beatty's went into the 
vange in search of his cattle. He 
■vas discovered and pursued by the 
Indians. When within a mile of 
home he concealed himself in the 
hollow of a large chestnut tree. 
The bark of his little dbg disclos- 
ed his hiding place and cost him 
his scalp and his life. The old 
chestnut disappeared long #ince, 
but the place where it stood is yet 
well known. 

Jacob Forney and two of his 
neighbors were attacked by a 
band of Cherokees. One of them. 
Richards, was wounde dand scalp- 
ed. Forney, though shot at many 
times by the Indians, reached his 
log fort in safety. The neighbors 
tuned poor Richards where he 

eel. John Beatty's will bears date 
5th January, 1774. In this he giv- 
es to Margaret Beatty certain 
items of personality and his home- 
stead to Williatm Beatty. These 
were his grandchildren, the chil- 
dren of Thomas Beatty. Marked 
traits of his character are appar- 
ent in this document. A short quo- 
tation will exhibit his love for rec- 
titude and obedience, and desire 
to keep his homestead in the line 
of his own blood; "And if ye 
above named Margaret or William 
Beatty or either of them does mis- 
behave or be disobedient when 
come to ye years of maturity, 
either going against their parents 
Avill in the contract of marriage or 
any way remarkable otherwise, 
that legatee is liable to ye loss of 
his part of this legacy, and to be 
given to ye other, the offending 
person entirely cut off at their 
parents discretion, or those that it 
may please to have the guardian 
and care over the above-mention- 
ed persons William and Margaret 
Beatty. And further I do not al- 
low the said lands that is left to 
ye above named William Beatty 
to be. ever sold or disposed of by 
any means or person whatsoever, 
but to firmly remain and continue 
in the line and lawful heirs of the 
above named William Beatty's 
body and to continue in that name 
as long as there is a male heir on 
the face of the earth, and after 
for the lack of a male heir to ye 
nighest female, heir." 

(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 



Thomas Beatty died in 1787, 
leaving three sons, John, Thomas 
and William. The inventory of his 
estate exhibits in minute detail 
the entire possessions of a well-to- 
do man of pioneer period. A few 
items ranging between his broad 
acres and a fine-tooth comb will 
indicate the extent and variety of 
■ his possessions: "944 acres of 
land, ten negroes, seventeen hors- 
es, sixty-six cattle, eighteen hogs, 
thirteen sheep, thirty-four geese, 
five ducks, lot poultry, five pewter 
dishes, sixteen pewter plates, 
twenty-four pewter spoons, one 
pewter basin, one pewter tankard, 
one crook and two pot hooks, one 
dutch oven, and griddle and fry- 
ing pan, one dough trough, one 
chest, two spinning wheels, and 
one big wheel, three pair cards, 
cotton, wool, and tow, one check 
reel, one weaving loom, twenty- 
three spools, for spooling cotton, 
five reeds for weaving, nine sick- 
les, one foot adze, one thorne 
hack, one hackel, two iron wedges, 
two bleeding lances, one hair sift- 

church was erected and' additions 
to the former church lands made 
by conveyances from Robert H. 
Burton, W. S. Simonton, and 
Mary King to "John D .Graham, 
D. M. Forney, and John Knox, 
trustees." This is the conventional 
structure of that period with its 
gallery and large pulpit. 

From the first settlement this 
was a place of worship. The head- 
stones date back to 1776. Dr. 
Humphrey Hunter, a native of Ire- 
land, and soldier in the Revolu- 
tion, was pastor from 1796 to 
1804. Next came Rev. Henry N. 
Pharr. He was succeeded by Pat- 
rick Sparrow. Mr. Sparrow's fath- 
er was potter in Vesuvius furnace. 
When lads the future Governor 
Graham was hard put to it to keep 
pace with Patrick, and the mem- 
bers of the Governor's family as- 
cribed some of his success to this 
auspicious rivalry in the old field 
schools. General Graham thus 

er, two riddles, three gimlets, thir- 1 having the lad's aptitude brought 

teen bushels flax seed, six bushels, 
buckwheat, one slide, two bells, 
and collars, 750 clapboard nails, 
| four pair half worn horse shoes, 
I one redding comb, one fine-tooth 
■ comb, three coats and one great 
coat, two jackets, one pair buck- 
skin breeches, one pair trousers, 
three hats and two linen shirts," 
constitutes about one-fourth of 
the articles enumerated. 

In the pioneer stage every man 
was his own carpenter, and the 
women knew how to card, spin, 
weave, and sew. The men wore lin 
en shirts and buckskin breeches; 
the women, arrayed in their own 
handiwork, were beautiful in the 
eyes of the forester. The patri- 
mony of the son was broad acres; 
the dowry of the daughter was a 
horse and saddle, cow and calf, 
spinning wheel and check reel. The 
Young men were gallant, and the 
young maids charming. The young 
men learned the art of horseman- 
ship not only in the chase, but by 
the constant habit of traveling on 
horseback, and every woman was 
an expert horse-rider. The horse 
sometimes served as a tandem, 
the men riding in front, the wo- 
men behind; and if trustworthy 
tradition is given credence the 
young men sometimes augmented 
the pleasure of this system of 
equestrianism by making their 
steeds caper, thereby frightening 
their innocent companions into 

to his attention, interested others 
with him in giving Patrick an edu- 
cation. When he became pastor of 
Unity an old negro servant of 
General Graham's expressed her 
surprise at his rise of fortune, by 
exclaiming that the boy who ate 
ash cakes with her children had 
become her master's preacher. Mr. 
Sparrow was the first professor 
of languages at Davidson College, 
and after-wards President of 
Hampden-Sydney. The present 
pastor is Rev. C. H. Little, des- 
cended from a pioneer family. 

About the year 1790 Maj. John 
Davidson, with his sons-in-law, 
Maj. Joseph Graham and Capt. 
Alexander Brevard, crossed from 
the Mecklenburg side into Lincoln, 
and with Gen. Peter Forney en- 
gaged in the manufacture of iron. 
These were all Revolutionary sol- 
diers. The beginning of the nine- 
teenth century witnessed civiliza- 
tion progress with leaps and 
bounds. Then followed years of 
plenty. The virgin soil brought 
fourth bountifully. Herds of cat- 
tle and droves of swine ranged at 
large unrestrained by any stock 
law. Deer, turkey, wild geese and 
duck abounded. The Catawba was 
filled with shad, trout, and red 
A trackless wilderness had 

firm embrace to retain their posi- been transformed into a moving, 
tions. (populous community. Instead 


Most of the early Scotch-Irish 
were Presbyterians, and the reli- 
gious center was Beattie's meet- 
ing- house. This place of worship 
was established by the pioneer, 
John Beatty, one mile west of 
Beattie's Ford. The meeting house 
stood on a level plat of ground in 
a beautiful grove of oak and hick- 
ory near a spring. Beattie's meet- 
ing house was built of logs. In 
^3, it was decided to erect a 
more commodious edifice, and a 
plat of several acres was conveyed 
for the purpose by James Little to 
"James Connor, Alexander Bre- 
vard, John Reid and Joseph Gra- 
ham, trustees." The kirk is named 
in the deed, Unity. In 1883 another 

the wigwam, was the homestead 
dwelling. Instead of the Indian 
war-^hoop, was to be heard the 
furnace blast breathing forth ac- 
tual and potential energy, and the 
stroke of the great trip hammer 
at the mighty forge as it beat the 
heart throhsi of commercial ac- 
tivity. They were years of peace 
and growth, of marriage and home 
building, of quiet domestic happi- 

The different grants to the 
Beatty's approximate three thou- 
sand acres. "William and John 
Beatty sold to John Fullenwider, 
and early iron master; and Thom- 
as Beatty to Alfred M. Burton. 
(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 


Mr. Fullenwider divided his 
purchase between his sons-in-law, 
Alfred M. and Robert H. Burton? 
they settled on their splendid esta- 
tes and became potent influences 
in the community. Alfred Burton 
settled above the ford, the old 
John Beatty house constituting 
wing of the residence he 
erected. Robert H. Built a spaci- 
ous mansion below the ford. They 
were learned lawyers and elegant 
gentlemen. Their dust reposes in 
Unity graveyard, beside that of 
their kinsman, Hutchings G. Bur- 
ton, once Governor of the State. 
Robert H. Burton, filled the office 
of Superior Court Judge. After 
Judge Burton's death his home- 
stead was purchased by Col. John 
H. Wheeler, the genial historian. 
Colonel Wheeler filled the office 
of State Treasurer and many posi- 
tions of trust, but is best known 
for his great work, "Wheeler's 
history of North Carolina." This 
he compiled at Beattie's Foi-d, de- 
voting to it about ten year's time. 
The preface bears date, "Ellango- 
wan, Beattie's Ford, N. C, 
July, 1851." 

Three brothers — Charles, James 
and Henry Conner — from Antrim, 
Ireland, settled near Beattie's 
Ford. James was a captain in the 
Revolution. Henry, the youngest, 
a patriot soldier, located near 
Cowan's Ford. Colonel Wheeler 
sold out at Beatty's Ford to Ma- 
jor Henry W. Connor, the son of 
Charles. Major Connor derived his 
title for service under General 
Graham in the campaign against 
the Creek Indians. He was a man 
of great popularity and represent- 
ed his district in Congress twenty- 
three years. His homestead was 
identical with Judge Burton's. 

Skilled physicians of sweet 
memory are William B. McLean 
and Robert A. McLean, father and 
son. The elder was a son of Dr. 
William McLean, a continental 
surgeon, resident in the forks of 
the Catawba. 

Jacob Forney first settled on 
the creek near the present town of 
Denver, the scene of his Indian 
troubles. This farm passed to a 
son, Capt, Abraham Forney, a sol- 
dier of the Revolution, and yet be- 
longs to his descendants. Gen. Pe- 

son of Gen. Peter Forney, receiv- 
ed his title in the war of 1812, also 
served as Senator from Lincoln 
County, and member of Congress. 
He erected a palatial residence, 
modeled after a house at the na- 
tional capital. The site chosen Is 
an eminence between creeks, 
where Jacob Forney lived when 
the British quartered on him. This 
picturesque old mansion, with its 
long white columns, surrounded 
by a grove of original oaks, yet 
retains the charms of its ancient 
aixhitecture. Major Forney sold to 
Alexander F. Gaston, a son of 
Judge Gaston. It next passed to 
James Anderson, and is now own- 
ed by Mrs. W. E. Hall, Henry Y. 
Webb, Bartlett Shipp, William 
Johnston, C. L. Hunter, and Chris- 
tian Reinhardt married daughters 
of Gen. Peter Forney. Henry Y. 
Y/ebb was a lawyer and represent- 
ed Lincoln County in the House of 
Commons. Bartlett Shipp was a 
lawyer, a member of the Legisla- 
ture, and of the constitutional con- 
vention of 1835. His son, William 
M. Shipp was a member of the 
House of Commons, Senator, Su- 
perior Court Judge, and Attorney- 
General of the State. W. P. By- 
num married Eliza, daughter of 
Bartlett Shipp, and settled on the 
Henry Y. Webb homestead. He 
was an eminent lawyer, Colonel in 
the Confederate Army, Solicitor, 
of his district ,and Justice of the 
Sspreme Court. His son, William 
Bynum, was a Confederate sol- 
dier and Episcopal clergyman. 

William Johnston, a physician, 
married Nancy Forney, and locat- 
ed at Mt. Welcome, General For- 
ney's homestead. His five sons 
ere gallant Confederate soldiers. 
William H., Robert D., and James 
entered the service in the Beat- 
tie's Ford Rifles, which was mus- 
tered into service as Company K., 
23d Regiment; 1 William H. and 
James F., won captain's commis- 
ions while Robert D., by promo- 
tion became a distinquished Briga- 
dier General; Joseph F., late Gov- 
ernor of Alabama and now United 
States Senator from that State, 
was Captain of Company A, 12th 
Regiment; Bartlett S. Johnson 

sei-ved in the Confederate States 
ter Forney, son of the pioneer, Navy, Dr. William Johnston was a 

was a patriot soldier, member of 
the House, Senate and Congress. 
As presidential elector, he voted 
for Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, 
and Jackson. He erected a forge at 
his home and Madison furnace on 
Leeper's Creek that was after- 
j wards owned by J. W. Derr. He 
obtained possession of valuable 
ore beds, and commenced building 
his iron works in 1787, and record- 
ed that he produced hammered 
iron in his forge 26th August, 

Maj. Daniel M. Forney, eldest 

son of Col. James Johnston, a 
soldier of the Revolution, one of 
the heroes of King's Muntain, the 
first Senator from Lincoln, and 
leder at Unity. When Gaston 
County was set up from Lincoln, 
Colonel Johnston's homestead on 
the Catawba fell in Gaston Coun- 
ty. Dr. C L. Hunter was a scient- 
ist and historian. He was the son 
of Rev. Humphrey Hunter, a sol- 
dier in the Revolution. Mary, 
daughter of Gen. Peter Forney, 
married Christian Reinhardt, a 
planter, and they migrated west. 
(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln C.unty 



Joseph Graham attained the 
rank of Major in the Revolution 
and his title as general in 1814, 
when commissioner Brigadiei 
General, and sent in command of 
North Carolina troops to aid Gen 
eral Jackson in the Creek War.. 
To his narratives of the battles of 
Ramsour's Mill, King's Mountain 
and Cowan's Ford is largely due 
the preservation of the Revolu- 
tionary history of this section. 
John D. Graham, his eldest son, 
retiring from Vesuvius furnace, 
erected a brick residence on the 
Catawba below Beattie's Ford, 
now the home of his son, Clay 
Graham. James was a lawyer and 
politician, representing his dis- 
trict in Congress sixteen years. 
William A., the general's youngest 
son ,read law and located at Hills- 
boro for the practice of his pro- 
fession. He was twice Governor, 
United States Secretary of the 
Navy, and Confederate States 
Senator, and candidate for Vice- 
President on the Scott Ticket, 
Pure and spotless in private life, 
a learned lawyer, a ripe scholar, a 
statesman of ability and clear 
judgment, he is esteemed by many 
as the greatest man produced by 
the State of North Carolina. Wil- 
liam A. Graham, son of the Gover- 
nor, Major and Assistant Adjutant 
General, historian and author, the 
present Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, resides at Forest Home, the 
ancestral homestead. 

Robert Hall Morrison, D.D., the 
first President of Davidson Col- 
lege, an eminent divine, was the 
honored pastor of Unity for forty 
years. He married Mary, daughter 
of Gen. Graham. Cottage Home, his 
homestead, is intimately associat- 
ed with the Confederacy, for it 
vas there that J. P. Irwin, Lieut. 
Gen. D. H. Hill, Lieut. Gen. Stone- 
wall Jackson, Brig-Gen. Rufus 
Barringer, Maj. A. C. Avery, and 
Col. John E. Brown, respectively 
married Harriet, Isabella, Anna, 
Eugenia, Susan, and Laura, 
daughters of Dr. Morrison. His 
sons were Maj. William W. Mor- 
rison, Joseph G. Morrison, A.D.C., 
on General Jackson's staff, Rob- 
ert H. Morrison, A.D.C., to Gen- 
eral Barringer and General Hill. 
His youngest son, Alfred J. Mor- 
rison, was a lawyer, politician, and 
Presbyterian minister. 

was afterwards built. Vesuvius 
furnace passed into the hands of 
J. M. Smith, a man who by his 
own initiative and endeavor rose 
to position and influence and left 
a name distinquished for good 
sense, kindness of heart, and bus- 
iness tact. He built Stonewall fur- 
nace on Anderson Creek. 

On the post road between Beat- 
tie's Ford and Vesuvius furnace 
are the Catawba Springs, a fam- 
ous resort in ante-bellum days. 
This was formerly Reed's Springs, 
owned by Capt. John Reed, a sol- 
dier of the Revolution and Senator 
from Lincoln County. Valuable 
factors of this community are the 
Asbury's and Mundy's, descend- 
ants of Rev. Daniel Asbury and 
Rev. Jeremiah Mundy, pioneer 
Methodist ministers. Rev. Daniel 
Asbury, when a youth, was taken 
by a band of Shawnee Indians, 
carried to the far northwest and 
held in aaptivity five years. In 
1791 he established in Lincoln 
County the first Methodist church 
west of the Catawba Rivei\ Rev. 
Jeremiah Mundy was a native of 
Virginia and located in Lincoln 
County in 1799. He was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary War three 
years and a minister for thirty- 
five years. 

As one thinks of the old country 
'squire who settled disputes be- 
tween his neighbors, of the kind- 
hearted physician, and the "lords 
of the manor" it seems "there 
were giants in those days." But 
life was not all serious; it had its 
great sunshiny side. They were 
apt at repartee, fond of innocent 
jokes, and in social intercourse, 
peals of laughter went the merry 
round; for, has not the wisest of 
men said, "there is a time to 
laugh?" And, .alas, in those haly- 
con days, they loved not the flag- 
on to excess, but indulged a morn- 
ing horn to ward off the rising 
vapors, and the invitation to sam- 
ple the liquid contents of the side- 
board was a mark of hospitality. 
The sweet women, the embodiment 
of all that is true, charming and 
raised high the standard of 
social purity. The blushing bride 
became the uncrowned queen of 
the home, around which the hus- 
band entwined the noblest affec- 
tions of his heart. In this genial 
clime the pioneers found a fertile 

Alexander Brevard early receiv- 
[ a captain's commission in the 
Confederate Army. He built 
Mount Tirzah and Rehoboth Fur- 
naces. Captain Brevard's home- 
stead passed to his son, Robert A. 
Brevard, then to his grandson, 
Alexander F. Brevard, and upon 
his death to Brevard McDowell, a 
great grandson. Captain Brevard 
and General Graham were honor- 
ed elders at Unity, but were bur- 
ied in a private cemetery of their 
selection where Machpelah church 

land, undulating with hills and 
vales, chequered with creeks and 
rills, and bountifully supplied with 
springs. One mile west of Beat- 
tie's Ford, and flowing for some 
distance parellel with the river, is 
a large branch. On this they found 
a maritime city, with streets of 
water through meadows green, 
the habitation of the beaver. This 
animal had felled trees, builded a 
great dam ponding the waters 
over many acres, so it was called 
Beaver Dam Branch. 

(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln Countvl 



[ The Burton Mill was situate on ' 
site of the old beaver dam. The' 
water from the pond was conduct- J 
ed through a race to the great I 
overshot wheel, the motive power ' 
of the mill on the ridge between 
the Ford and Beaver Dam Branch 
three highways came together. At 
their convergence was situate th<= 
village of Beattie's Ford with its 
post office of Beattie's Ford sup- 
these roads was the great stage 
line via Lincolnton and Salisbury 
| connecting far distant points. The 
I ard, Lingerfelt, Link, Lohr, Loret^ 
Phed a wide extent of country.' 
The approach of the stage was an- , 
nounced by winding blasts from 
tm horn of the driver. 

Exhaustless iron beds were dis 
covered in other sections in con- 
nection with limitless coal veins 
and the fires of the charcoal fur- 
nace were quenched, and the fur- 
nace last and forge hammer were 
heard no more. Some of the lead- 
ing spirits opposed the entrance 
of rail roads, and their tracks 
laid over other routes. Trade 
centers sprang up on their lines 
and the stores at Beattie's Ford 
closed. The long interregnum of 
peace came to an end. The noise 
of war again was heard in the 
land, and this section suffered in 
blood and treasure and shattered 

The Dutch Side 
The German settlers came from 
Pennsylvania. Their ancestors a 
some of them came from Ger- 
many. Their settlement covers the 
whole of the county, evcept the 
eastern portion bordering on the 
Catawba, and in this portion' 
among the Scotchlrish were the 
German families of Cloninger 
Earnhardt, Forney, Hao-er, Lock 
man, Keever, Killian, Nantz, Sr- 
ford and others. The names of the 
German pioneers, deserve special; 
mention^ and many follow: Ader- 
holdt, Anthony, Arndt, Bangle. 
Benick, Beisaner, Beam, Bolinger, 
Boyles, Botz, Coulter, Dellingeri 
Detter DeVepaugh, Deitz, Eddle- 
mon, Finger, Freytag, Gantzler. 
Gross, Haas, Hafner, Helderman, 
Hallman, Hartzoge, Houser, Hee- 
dick, Heil, Heltebrand, Henkle, 

ty-five bushels Indian corn, fifty- 
two pounds of good butter, four 
hundredweight of good wholesome 
beef, onesixth of the net profits 
of the fruit trees, thirty pounds 
I sugar, three pounds Bohea tea 
two pounds coffee, twelve gallons 
of whiskey, four bushels of malt 
one bushel of salt." They also en- 
gaged to erect "a commodious and 
Their first dwelling were long 
aid Derrick Ramsour, in order to 
live retired with a sufficient store ; 
and store room, and furnish the 
same with the necessary furniture 
sufficient for his accommodations 
which building is to be erected on 
| such a part of the premises as he 
the said Derrick Ramsour, pitches 
upon." Also to find for him "one 
good feather bed and decent and 
necessary furniture, and find and 
provide for him sufficient fire- 
wood, ready hauled to his dwell- 
ing, to be cut a foot length as of- 
ten as occasion or necessity shall 
require; and also to supply hin ' 
with a gentle riding horse, saddle 
and bridle, to carry him whereso- 
er he may require to go, toge 
ith a sufficient and neces. 
sary stock of wearing apparel 
both wolen and linen, warm and 
decent, and becoming one of hi ; 
im&tances to wear, together 
with the proper food and washing 
during his natural life." 

Then by bill of sale he conveys! 
his sons Jacob and David his 
"whole stock of black or neat cat- 
tle running on the said lands 
whereon I now live, or to be found 
in the woods or range, whether in 
my own proper mark, or the mark 
ot those from whom I might here- 
tofore have purchased; also all 
and singular my horses, mares 
coJ±.s, yearlings, etc., which of 
ight doth or ought to belong to 
ie, whether at this time in my ac- 
tual possession, or running their 
iange at large, also all my stock 
of hogs, and sheep, be the same 
more or less in number, wherever 
to be found, together with my 
wagons, gears, plows, harness still 
and vessels, plantation and car- 
penter tools of every kind whatso- 

To Jacob he conveys the plan- 
tation situate in the forks of the 

Hoke, Huber, Hull, Jared, Jonas. 
Jundt, Keener, Kizer, Kistler 
Klein, Kneep, Krauss, Kuhn, 
Lantz, Leeper, Lehnhardt, Leon- 
ard, Lingerfelt, Link, Lohr, Loretz, 
Lorentz, Lutz, Michel, Miller, 
Mosteller, Plonk, Propst, Quickel, 
Ramsaur, Rein, Reinhardt, Rich, 
Rinck, Rudisill, Sain, Scheidel, 
Schenck, Schafordt, Scronce, Sei- 
gel, Schrum, Seitz, Shoup, Shull, 
Sigmon, Speigel, Strutt, Sum- 
j merow, Troutman, Tutherow, 
Warlick, Weber, Weekesser, We- 
hunt, Weiand, Weiss, Wetzstein, 
Wisenhunt, Workfan, Yoder, Zim- 

Many of the American names 
have been anglicised, and the 
spelling changed. To be a Zimmer- 
man when one could be a Carpen- 
ter was too unprogressive. Like- 
wise Weber became Weaver, 
Kruss, Grouse; Huber, Hoover; 
Freytag, Friday; Gantzler, Cans- 
ler; Heil, Hoyle; Jundt, Yount; 
Kuhn, Coon; Klein, Cline; Reib, 1 
Reep; Weiss, Wise; Wetzstein' 
| Whetstone, and so with many oth- 

They selected the finest land? 
land settled along the streams. 
j Their first dwellings were log 
cabins, then followed the rude 
painted mansion. A few of the old 
red painted houses, built near the 

I springs yet stand, monuments u. 
a bygone age. They have always 
j built large barns. Sweet memories 
of the pioneers, and many valua- 
ble papers linger among their de- 
scendants. To give some illustra- 
tions of pioneer times and condi- 
tions a few, notes of one family 
will be made. 

Derrick Ramsour came with the 
pioneers about 1750. He erected a 
mill on Clark's Creek, near its 
junction with the South Fork Riv- 
er, that was a noted industry and 
place in colonial days. The sub- 
jects of the king often divided 
their estates to prevent the oldest 
son becoming sole heir under the 
English law of primogeniture. In 
April, 1772, impelled by natural 
love and affection, he conveyed his 
property to his two surviving 
sons, Jacob and David; first, how- 
ever, required them to enter into 
bond in the sum of one thousand 
pounds proclamation money for 
his support, conditioned that they 
pay unto him every year during 
his natural life, "fifteen pounds 
proclamation money, twenty-five 
bushels clean sound wheat, twen- 

South Fork River and Clark's 
Creek and adjoining tracts, in all 
960 acres, including the mill. This 
adjoins the western limits of Lin- 
colnton. The residence erected by 
Derrick stood beside that of Ja- 
cob on the slope of the hill a few 
hundred feet to the west of the 
mill that was destined to become 
historic during the Revolution. 
South Fork River, in a great bend, 
forms its junction with Clark's' 
Creek. In this bend are three hun- 
dred acres of fertile bottom. Jacob 
Ramsour died in 1787 and was 
buried in a private burying 
ground on the highest part of the 
idge west of his house. 
To David Ramsour he conveyed 
six hundred acres lying three 
miles farther u p the river. This 
tract is likewise situate in a great 
bend of the river including a broad 
sweep of level bottom. On this 
farm today is the one-story cabin 
built of immense hewn logs, erect- 
ed by David Ramsour, a relic of 
pioneer days and architecture. The 
great stone chimney is built en- 
tirely inside the house with fire 
place seven feet across, ovei 
which is the mantel nine feet long 
hewn out of log. In the chimney 
are cross bars from which the pot 
hooks were suspended to hold th 
cooking utensils in position over 
the fire. This cabin occupies a 
knoll, commanding a fine view 
with picturesque surroundings. It 
slopes toward the south forty 
yards to the river. Near by is the 
rock walled spring with stone 
steps leading down to its cool wa- 
ters, shaded by giant white oaks. 
Next stands the old red painted 
mansion characteristic of the ear- 
ly Dutch, built by his son, John 
Ramsour, every part of which is 
put together with hand forged 
nails. A little way out in the bot- 
tom is the brick mansion of Jacob 
Ramsour, son of John. These with 
the modren residence of Thomas 
J. Ramsour, in view of each other, 
standing in a radius of half a mile, 
represent four generations of the 
Ramsour family. On a gentle 
knoll in the great bottom is the 
family burying ground, where 
res£s Jacob Ramsour, who died in 
1785, and many of his descend- 

The Germans encountered many 
hardships incident to the settle- 
ment of the new country, but one 
of their most trying ordeals was 
the change of their language from 

their native German to English. 
They called themselves Dutch and 
their language Dutch, and so are 
called to this day both by them- 
selves and others. The pioneer 
Germans were Lutherans and Re- 
formed, and they usually occupied 
the same house of worship, where 
on alternate Sabbaths they wor- 
shiped, and this is still the case in 
a number of churches. Four miles 
northwest of Lincolnton the pion- 
eers established a place of wor- 
ship and a school house called Dan- 
iel's, on a tract of fifty acres, but 
did not take a grant. In 1767 a 
grant was issued to Matthew 
Floyd for the tract of fifty acres 
including a "schoolhouse." In 1768 
it was purchased by Nicholas 
Warlick, Frederick Wise, "Urban 
Ashehanner, Peter Statler, Peter 
Summey and Peter Hafner, who 
conveyed it to the "two united 
Congregations of Lutherans and 
Calvinist." The services were in 
German, and the records written 
in German script until 1827. On 
this tract each has a brick church 
and by them stands the brick 
schoolhouse. Eleven miles east of 
Lincolnton, on the great highway 
is the site of the "Old Dufch 
Meeting House." The deed is from 
Adam Cloninger to the "German 
Congregation of Killian's Settle- 
ment." The first chureh lot in Lift- 
colnton was conveyed June 10th, 
1788, to Christian Reinhardt and 
Andrew Hedick, trustees for the 
Pieties of Dutch Presbyterians 
and Dutch Lutherans" of the town 
and vicinity, "for the intent and 
purpose of building thereon a 
meeting house for public worship, 
schoolhouses, both Dutch and 
English, and a place for the burial 
of the dead." This was called the 
old White church and occupied the 
site of the present Lutheran 
church. The reference in title 
deeds to "Calvinists," and "Dutch 
Presbyterians" is to the German t 
Reformed or, as now known, the 
Reformed Church. 

(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln County! 



The pioneers brought with them 
Luther's German translation of 
the Bible. No dust was allowed to 
gather on this precious volume. 
These have been handed down 
from generation to generation and 
in almost every family today can 
be found the Dutch Bible of the 
pioneers printed in a language 
now considered foreign, yet justly 
esteemed precious heirlooms. 

Rev. Johann Gottfried Arndt 
came from Germany as a school 
teacher in 1773, and was ordained 
into the Lutheran ministry in 
1775. He died in 1807, and was 
buried beneath the old White 
church in Lincolnton. The inscrip- 
tion on his tombstone is in Ger- 
man, above it an eagle and thir- 
teen stars, and the motto of the 
new republic, E. Pluribus unum. 
The Reformed preacher of this 
time was Rev. Andrew Loretz, a 
native of Switzerland. He died in 
1812 and was buried at Daniel's. 
On the gable of his mansion out- 
lined in colored brick, are the ini- 
tials of his name and the date, A. 
L. 1793. Only the German was 
used during their pastorates. Liv- 
ing in the same county, and 
preaching in the same churches, 
these godly men were devoted 
friends, and engaged that which- 
ever died first should be buried by 
the survivor. The Lutheran pastor 
at Daniel's is Rev. Luther L. Lohr, 
and in Lincolnton Rev. Robert A. 
Yoder, D.D., descendants of the 
Dutch settlers. While Rev. Wil- 
liam Ramsour Minter, pastor of 
the Presbyterian church in Lin- 
colnton, is a grandson of Jacob 
Ramsour, and great-grandson of 
David Ramsour, both elders in 
that church; David Ramsour was 
a son of Jacob Ramsour, owner of 
the historic Ramsour's Mill. 

The North Carolina Synod held 
an historic meeting in the "old 
White church* 'in May, 1820. Then 
)ccurred the first rupture in the 
Lutheran Church in the New 
World. The President maintained 
his position in a long discourse in 
the German, the secretary follow- 
ed in a longer one in English. This 
church and others withdrew and, 
July 17th. organized the Tennes- 
see Synod. At its first meeting 

men. In the fall of the year shoot- 
, ing catches were common, the 
I usual prize a quarter of beef or a 
turkey. A witness at court, when 
asked to fix the date of a certain- 
transaction, replied "at shooting- 
match time." They were great 
fanciers of fine stock, and the old 
Dutch farmer never felt more 
lordly than hauling great loads 
with his sleek team of horses. The 
race track also has its devotees. 
Two pi-ominent Germans were 
once called to the bar of the 
church for some cause resulting 
from a noted race run on the War- 
lick path. The one who lost ex- 
pressed proper contrition. The 
other was incorrigible. Proud of 
his horse stakes, and exulting in 
the plaudits of the community, he 
promptly responded "I am sorry. 
I von. Mr. H. Werry sorry, he 

On the Dutch side are many 
signs and folk lore of interest. The 
Dutch farmer is a close observer 
and is often governed by signs. 
The moon is a powerful potentate. 
Its phases are closely watched, 
and there is a time to plant ei 
seed, cut timber and do many 
things. A champion turnip grow- 
er used an incantation of virtue 
in casting the seed, resulting in a 
fourfold quantity. Each time he 
threw the seed with his hand he 
repeated a line of the following: 
"Some for the pug, 
Some for the fly, 
Some for the Devil, 
And in comes I." 

Michael Schenck, in 1813, erect- 
ed the first cotton factory, run by 
water power, south of the Po- 
tomac. It was a small affair lo- 
cated on a branch, one mile east 
of Lincolnton, but proving profit- 
able, attracted Col. John Hoke and 
Dr. James Bivins, and they be- 
came partners of Michael Schenck. 
The firm in 1819 erected the Lin- 
coln Cotton Mills, with three thou- 

:d spindles, on the South Fork, 
the beginning of the cotton mill 
industry in this section. This mill 
was burned in 1863. 

There are situate in Lincolnton 
and within four miles along the 
South Fork, thirteen cotton mills 
controlled by descendants of the 

German was made the business 
language and all its transactions 
were to be published in German. 
In 1825 the minutes were publish- 
ed in both German and English. In 
1826 David Henkle was appointed 
interpreter for the members who 
did not understand the German, 
and it was ordered that "the bus- 
iness of Synod shall be transacted 
in the German language using the 
first three days, afterwards the 
English shall be used." 

But perhaps the greatest hin- 
drance was in the State. The Eng- 
lish was the dominant language. 
The laws were written and ex- 
pounded in English and all public 
affairs conducted in that language 
and this prevented many from ac- 
tive participation in public affairs 
The change was gradual but was 
perhaps most marked between the 
years 1820 and 1830. The 
German population outgrew the 
use of the German tongue. In 
their pulpits, no longer is it heard, 
nor have they German schools. 
Now the Pennsylvanis Dutch is 
seldom ever heard, and even the 
accent and idiom remain on but 
few tongues; yet it is sometimes 
observed in the use of the letters 
v and w, b ajn.1 p, t ani d. This is 
seen in some of the family names : 
Bangel and Pangle are the same 
name; likewise Boovey and Poov- 
ey, Tan- and Darr, David Darr 
was called Tavy Tarr. A venerable 
elder of fragrant memory, when 
the preacher ascended the pulpit 
to begin service, was accustomed 
to step to- the door and proclaim 
to those outside, "De Beobles will 
now come in, to breaching is 

The Pennsylvinia Dutchman had 
his humorous side, for 
"A little nonsense now and then 
Is relished by the best of men." 

They had their sports and 
amusements, their holidays and 
gala days, their Easter fun and 
Kriss Kringle frolics. Many of 
their sports and amusements par- 
took more of skill and labor than 
dissipation and debauchery, such 
as corn shuckings, choppings, log- 
rollings, house-raisings, spinning 
matches, quiltings and the like, 
tending to manly vigor and mod- 
est womanhood, and brightening 
the links of friendship and broth- 
erly love. By hunting deer and 
turkey, the squirrel and other 
game they became expert rifle- 

Dutch. The only cotton mill in 
the county at the close of the war 
was Elm Grove, owned by John F. 
Phifer, now operated by Robert S. 
Reinhardt. The Confederate Stat- 
es government, about 1864, erected 
a laboratory for the manufacture 
of medicines on the site of the old 
Lincoln factory. In 1887, J. A. 
Abernethy and D. E. Rhyne erect- 
ed the Laboratory Cotton Mills on 
the site of the Confederate labor- 
atory, R. E. Costner, J. A. An- 
thony, L. J. Dellinger, John M, 
Rhodes, and W. A. Rudisill are 
mill men. Daniel E. Rhyne is pro- 
prietor of three mills. Other suc- 
cessful mill men are J. A. Aberne- 
thy, Edgar Love and J. M. Rob- 
erts. The late Capt. Joseph G. 
Morrison erected the Mariposa 
Mills, at the old Forney forge on 
Leeper's Creek. Paper mills were 
operated for many years on the 
South Fork. Among the noted 
manufacturers of paper were Wil- 
liam and Rufus Tiddy. 

One of the noted pioneers was 
Daniel Warlick. His entries 
proimate three thousand acres. In 
1769 he made division of it among 
his five sons and four daughter; 
The oldest enterprise in the cour 
ty today is the mill established on 
branch five miles west of Ram- 
sour's. It was once destroyed by 
the Cherokees. This property has 
passed from father to son, and 
today owned by Jacob R. Warlick, 
a great grandson. It is now a mod 
ern roller-mill, the motive power 
a waterfall of sixty-two feet. 

The old highway from Ram- 
sour's Mill of Warlick's Mill 
crossed the South Fork River at 
Reep's Ford, just below the pres- 
ent Ramsour bridge. Here lived 
Adam Reep and his brothers, 
Adolph and Michael, all Whig sol- 
diers. Just to the west, in a pri- 
vate burying ground rests Nichol- 
as Heamer, a patriot soldier and 
one of the last survivors of the 
Battle of Ramsour's Mill. 

The subject of dress properly 
occupies large space in woman's 
thought. In the olden time there 
were no stores near with heavily 
laden shelves from which to se- 
lect, but they knew how to color, 
then combine the colors in beauti- 
ful fabrics, and were experts in 
fine weaving. They perhaps were 
not bothered with gores, and bias- 
frills and puffs, yet they had 
their trouble in cutting, fitting, 
and arranging the trimming as do 

those of the present with the lat- 
est fashion magazines and fashion 
plates. It is certain that in the 
vigor and strength of perfect de- 
velopment they were fair to look 
upon, equal at home, in the parlor 
or in the kitchen, alive to the 
wants of humanity and duty to 
God. Much of this inspiring rec- 
ord is due the examples, counsels 
and prayers of pious mothers; and 
while the songs of the nursery 
mingle with lessons of peace and 
love, and tender hearts are 
pressed with religious truth the 
result will be men and women of 
high type. 

As the century waned the Ger- 
man citizens were becoming prom- 
inent in public affairs. In 1797 
John Ramsour represented Lin- 
coln County in the House of Com- 
mons and twice afterwards. Then 
follows John Reinhardt in 1799, 
Peter Forney in 1800. Peter Hoyle 
elected in 1802 and fourteen 
times afterwards; Henry Hoke in 
1803; David Shuford in 1806. Then 
follows Loretz, Killian, Cansler 
and others. 

Henry Cansler was long and in- 
fluential citizen. He filled the of- 
fices of County Surveyor, Sheriff, 
Clerk of Court and member of the 
General Assembly. His father and 
grandfather each wrote his name 
n the German, Phillip Gantzler. 

Jacob Costner was one of the 
first justices of Tryon County, 
sheriff of Tryon 1774 and 1775, 
major of the Tryon Regiment in 
1776, died in 1777. Ambrose Cost- 
ner, his great-grandson, planter 
and financier, was often the popu- 
lar representative of Lincoln coun- 
ty in the House and Senate. 

John F. Reinhardt, Confederate 

ildier, planter, commoner and 
senator, is a great grandson of 
Christian Reinhardt, "agent of the 
Dutch Presbyterians." He owns 
the Bartlett Shipp Homestead. His 
father Franklin M. Reinhardt, 
operated the Rehobeth Furnace. 
(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln County 



Andrew Hedick, a great-grand- 
son of Andrew Hedick, "agent of 
the Dutch Lutherans," resides on 
the ancestral homestead. He lost 
his right arm in the fearful strug- 
gle at Chancellorsville. After the 
war he attended Pleasant Retreat, 
and prepared himself for school 
teaching. For many years he fill- 
ed the office of county treasurer 
and is one of the county's honored 
citizens. Andrew Hedick is like- 
wise the survivor of the usually 
mortal wound of a musket ball 
passing entirely through his body, 
as are also Abel Seagle and Da- 
vid Keever. 

David Schenck, grandson of 
Michael Schenck, was a great ad- 
vocate and lawyer, a judge of the 
Superior Court and historian. He 
removed to Greensboro in 1882 
and has a monument in the Guil- 
ford Battle ground. 

John F. Hoke, son of Col. John 
Hoke, was a captain's commission- 
in the Mexican War, and com- 
manded his company with gallan- 
try in the battles of Cerro Gordon, 
Tolema and National Bridge. He 
was adjutant-general in North 
Carolina, and colonel in the Civil 
War. He was an able lawyer and 
often the representative of Lin- 
coln County in the General As- 
sembly. His son, William A. Hoke 
citizen, lawyer, legislator, 
judge of the Superior Court, and 
now pustice of the Supreme Court 
occupies a large space in public 

Michael Hoke, son of Col. John 
Hoke, was an eminent lawyer and 
an accomplished orator, whose 
brilliant career added luster to 
his county and Commonwealth. 
The campaign of 1844 justly ranks 
among the famous in the history 
of the State. There were many 
causes contributing to its inten- 
sity. It was a presidential election. 
Henry Clay, the Whig nominee, a 
matchless orator and the idol of 
his party, made a speech in Ra- 
leigh on the 12th day of June of 
that year. James K. Polk, of Ten- 
nessee, a native of Mecklenburg 
and graduate of our State Uni- 
versity, was the nominee of the 

integrity, and "full measure of po> 
tatoes," that one of his bequests 
was: "I will and bestow to honest 
George Koon one hundred dol- 

Lorenzo Ferrer, having been ii 
troduced, shall have place in this 
history. He was a native of Lyons, 
France, but spent his long life 
from early manhood in Lincolnton. 
He died August 16th, 1875, aged 
ninety-six years. He had his cof- 
fin made to order and gave direc- 
tions concerning his grave. It is 
marked by a recumbent slab, sup- 
ported on marble columns. The 
first paragraph of his will is in 
these words. I, Lorenzo Ferrer, 
here write my last will and testa- 
ment whilst I am in possession of 
my faculties, as I have shortly to 
appear at the tribunal of St. Pet- 
er at the gate of eternity; when 
St. Peter is to pronounce accord- 
ing to my merits or demerits: for 
our Lord Jesus Christ entrusted 
the key of Heaven to St. Pete 
and enjoined him to admit the de- 
serving to enter into Heaven and 
enjoy an eternal happiness, but to 
condemn the undeserving defraud- 
ers to the everlasting sulphurious 
flames in the Devil's abode. There- 
fore, I am endeavoring to comfort 
myself in such a manner in order 
to merit an eternal happiness in 
the presence of God, and his an- 
gels, and in company with St. 
Peter, St. Paul, St. Titus and the 
other saints. For I am anxious to 
converse with those happy marty- 
red saints and rejoice with them 
at the firmness, patience, and will- 
ingness they endured at their mar- 
tyrdom for the sake of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. I am also in hope to 
see and embrace my kind friends 
Michael Hoke, William Lander, 
and other good and honest friends 
with whom I hope to enjoy and 
eternal felicity," etc. 

Adam Springs approached the 
dark river with no such beatific 
vision. In the confident possession 
of a sound mind and good judg- 
ment he likewise wrote his own 
will, the first part of which fol- 
lows: "North Carolina, Lincoln 
County— Know all men by these 

The republic of Texas was seek- 
ing annexation to the United Stat- 
es, and this was a burning issue, 
Each political party was on its 
mettle, and marshalling its forces 
for a battle royal. Standard bear- 
ers must be selected with care and 
the very best. Each party named 
a son of Lincoln County as its 
candidate for Governor. The Dem- 
ocrats nominated Michael Hoke, a 
gentleman, of fine person, fine ad- 
dress, of long legislative experi- 
ence and high position at the bar, 
whose ease of manner and bril- 
liancy of oratory won for him 
troops of friends. The Whigs were 
equally fortunate in the selection 
of William A. Graham, a man of 
exalted character and ability; and, 
like his competitor, the firness of 
his conduct, his open, generous 
temper, and elevated mode of ar- 
gument met the highest expecta- 
tion of his most ardent admirers. 
Never in any campaign were two 
political antagonists more evenly 
matched. Both were in the prime 
of life. Hoke was only thirty-four, 
and Graham forty years of age. 
Both, were strikingly handsome 
men tall, well-formed and graceful 
of polished manner and placid 
temper, pure of character and 
free from guile. While processing 
all these amiable qualities when it 
came to the advocacy of the prin- 
ciples of their respective parties, 
or assaulting those of the other, 
they exhibited the courage of a 
Washington and the aggressive- 
ness of a Jackson. The dignified 
and majestic presence of Graham 
was formidably rivaled by the 
matchless manner and ready hu- 
mor of Hoke. Their joint canvass 
was a battle of giants. Graham was 
elected Governor, Clay carried the 
State and Polk was elected Presi- 
dent. Hoke scarce survived the 
campaign. He died September 9, 
1844, at the youthful age of 34 
years, 4 months and 7 days. 

Among the record of baptisms 
at Daniel's is this, "George Kuhn, 
and desen frau ihr sohn George 
Gebrohren den 31 ten December, 
1809, Taufzengen sind Johnannes 
Rudisill und desen frau," which 
being translated reads, "George 
Coon and his wife, their son 
George was born the 31st Decem- 
ber, 1809, sponsors John Rudisill 
and his wife." The infant George 
grew into a man full of years and 
honor. An old Frenchman in Lin- 
colnton, Lorenzo Ferrer, often 
bought farm products from Mr. 
Coon, and so admired his. perfect 

presents, that I, Adam A. Springs, 
believing himself of sufficient 
judgment of mind do now set 
about making my will in hopes 
that my surviving fellow citizens 
will aid me in the disposal of my 
wish. If it should lack form, I call 
upon our Constitution. Then I or- 
dain this my last well and testa- 
ment as follows: As to my soul 
or finer part, whatever it may be, 
I surrender it to its author with- 
out any impertinent and intrusive 
requests against the immutable 
laws of Diety. In the first place, I 
will to be buried alongside of 
James Henderson on the hill on 
the east of the shoals formerly 
called Henderson's Shoals," etc. 

Mr. Springs was one of the 
first students at the State Uni- 
versity, a graduate in the Class of 
1798, a large real estate owner, in- 
cluding among his possession the 
Henderson Shoals on the South 
Fork, afterwards known as the 
Spring Shoals, now McAdensville, 
where his dust reposes beside 
James Henderson. The paper-writ- 
ing was propounded for probate, a 
caveat entered, the issue, devisa- 
vit vel non, submitted, the will es- 
tablished, and executed by his sur- 
viving fellow citizens according to 
the true intent and meaning there- 

A will of marked conciseness 
and brevity, and the shortest in 
the county is that of the late V. 
A. McBee. Mr. McBee was a Uni- 
versity graduate, lawyer, three 
times clerk of the superior court 
and left a considerable estate in 
North and South Carolina. His en- 
tire will with date and signature 
contains but twenty-three words: 
"I will all my estate, real and per- 
sonal to my wife, Mary Elizabeth 
McBee, this 31st day of March, 
1888. V. A. McBee." 

Robert F. Hoke and Stephen D. 
Ramseur, twin soldiers of destiny, 
became distinguished Major-Gen- 
erals in the armies of the Confed- 
eracy. Their gallant deeds and 
noble services added luster to 
their home and country. The one 
survives, honored and loved; the 
soil of Virginia drank the precious 
blood of the other. 

The laudable principles, liberty 
of conscience, health of state and 
purity of morals, the Dutch hold 
in sacred esteem; the great vir- 
tues of the home and the common 
duties of the good citizens have 
ever charmed most theor ambi- 
tions. Of persistent energy, high 
purpose, and sturdy inclination, 

they have made and are making 
indestructible footprints of nobly 
performed deeds in the varied 
sands of life that will remain a 
memorial to them for all time. 
The Civil War 

The men of Lincoln County bore 
an honorable part in the American 
Revolution, and were in evidence 
in the second bout with the mother 
country; they helped to win Texan 
independence and fought in the 
Mexican War; at the outbreak of 
the great Civil War, they present- 
ed a solid front in defense of their 

Stephen D. Ramseur, a graduate 
of West Point, and a lieutenant, 
tendered his service to the Con- 
federacy and was appointed cap- 
tain of the artillery; by promotion 
he passed through the grades to 
the rank of Major-General, and 
met the death of a hero at Cedar 
Creek, on the 19th of October, 

Alvin Delane was a soldier in 
the United States Navy, whose 
flag was endeared to him by many 
years service. When the war 
clouds gathered a decision was to 
be made. He hesitated not; the 
battle cry of the South expressed 
his sentiment and his resolve: 
(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 



"In Dixie Land I'll take my stand, 
and live and die for Dixie." 

In the darkness of the night he 
scaled the walls of Fort Sumter 
with a ladder, which served him 
many ours as a float on the briny 
deep, was rescued, became the 
hero of Charleston, and for the 
next four years a gallant Confed- 

William S. Bynum, the soldier 
boy, September 25th, 1862, at the 
age of fourteen years, enlisted in 
Company K. 42nd Regiment, and 
was a gallant Confederate until 
the surrender. 

Lincoln County furnished the ' 
Confederacy eight full companies: 
(1) The Southern Stars, Company! 
K, Bethel Regiment, William J. 
Hoke Captain; (2) Company I, 
11th Regiment, A. S. Haynes, 
Captain; (3) Company K, 23d 
Regiment, Robert D. Johnston, 
Captain; (4) Company E. 34th 
Regiment, John F. Hill, Captain; 
(5) Company K, 49th Regiment, 
Peter Z. Baxter, Captain; (5) 
Company G. 52d, Regiment, Jo- 
seph B. Shelton, Captain; (7) 
Company H, 52d Regiment, Eric 
Erson, Captain; (8) Company G. 
57th Regiment, John F. Speck, 
Captain; besides members of oth- 
er Companies. 

Many of the Bethel soldiers won 
commissions of honor. Capt. Wil- 
liam J. Hoke became Colonel of 
the 38th Regiment; Second Lieut- 
enant Robert F. Hoke was promo- 
ted through the grades to the rank 
of Major-General; Eric Erson was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 52d 
Regiment; William R. Edwards, 
Sidney Haynes, John F. Speck, 
Benjamin F. Grigg, Peter M. 
Mull, Lawson A. Dellinger, and 
James D. Wells, won Captains' 
commissions; while David A. 
Coon, Ed D. Sumner, W. A. Sum- 
merow, and George M. Hoke were 
first lieutenants, and Lemuel J. 
Hoyle, Charles Elmer, Josephus 
Houser and Oliver A. Ramsour, 
second lieutenants. 

John F. Hoke was Brigadiev- 
General and Adjutant- General of 
the state. Through him the volun- 
teer regiments were organized. He 
was the first Colonel of the 23d 
Regiment, and at the surrender 
was Colonel of the 73d Regiment. 

William Preston Bynum enter- 
ed the service as first lieutenant 
of the Beattie's Ford Rifles; this 
company was mustered in as Com- 
pany K, 23d Regiment; he was 
promoted Lieutenant Colonel, and 
Colonel of the 2d Regiment. 

Robert D. Johnston, second lieu- 
tenant of the Beattie's Ford 
Rifles, rose by promotion for gal- 
lantry to the rank of Brigadier- 
general. He was wounded in Seven 
Pines, Gettysburg and on the Ca- 
tawba River. 

(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 



Other commissioned officers: 
Colonel Samuel D. Lowe, Lieu- 
tenant Colonels — Hiram W. Aber- 
nethy and Charles J. Hammar- 
skold. Majors — Sydney F. Finger 
and William A. Graham. Captains 
—James T. Adams, Phillip W. 
Carpenter, A. H. Houston, G. W. 
Hunter, James F. Johnston, Wil- 
liam H. Johnston, Joseph F. John- 
ston, James M. Kincaid, Joseph G. 
Morrison, Milton Lowe, George L. 
Phifer, Benjamin H. Sumner, 
Woodberry Wheeler, and C. C. 
Wrenshall. First Lieutenants — 
Peter S. Beal, John H. Boyd, John 
P. Cansler, William H. Hill, Wal- 
lace M. Reinhardt, Daniel Rein- 
hardt, and Thomas L. Seagle. Sec 
ond Lieutenant — Thomas Aberne • 
thy, William Arndt, William H. 
Hill, Wallace M. Reinhardt, Dan- 
iel Asbury, George W. Beam, Ca- 
leb Bisaner, John Caldwell, Eli 
Crowell, Henry Eaton, Henry Ful- 
lenwider, John F. Goodson, Eman- 
uel Houser, Bruce Houston, Loe 
Johnston, Thomas Lindsey, Wil- 
liam M. Monday, John Rendleman, 
Samuel Rendleman, David Rhodes, 
Alfred Robinson, Samuel Thomp- 
son, W. A. Thompson, Henry 
Wells and Rufus Warlick. Chap- 
lains — Robert B. Anderson and 
Eugene W. Thompson. 

Summary — Two major-generals, 
one brigadier-general, four colon- 
els, three lieutenant-colonels, two 
majors, two chaplains, twenty- 

eight captains, sixteen first lieu 
tenants, thirty-three second lieu- 
tenants and 1,219 non-commission- 
ed officers and privates, a grand 
total of 1,311 Confederate soldier.-;. 
Authorities : — Counties of North 
Carolina, by K. P. Battle; Gover- ; 
nor William Tryon, by Marshall 
DeLancey Haywood; Colonel Rec- 
ords of North Carolina; State Rec- 
ords of North Carolina; Public 
Laws of North Carolina; Public 
Records of Tryon County, N. C; 
Public Records of Lincoln County, 
N. C; General Joseph Graham and 
His Revolutionary Papers, by W. 
A. Graham; History of North 
Carolina by John H. Wheeler; Re- 
miniscences and Memoirs, by John 
H. Wheeler; Sketches of Western 
North Carolina, by C. L. Hunter; 
Manuscript of Wallace M. Rein- 
hardt; King's Mountain and Its 
Heroes, by L. C. Draper; Narra- 
tives of the Battle of King's 
Mountain, by David Vance and 
Robert Henry; North Carolina, 
1780-81 by David Schenck; Ger- 
man Settlements in North and 
South Carolina, by G. D. Bern- 
heim; History of the Reformed 
Church; South Fork Association, 
by W. A. Graham; The Broad Axe 
and the Forge, by Brevard Mc- 
Dowell; Old Lincoln Homes, by 
Brevard Nixon; Roster of Confed- 
erate Soldiers of Lincoln County, 
by A. Nixon. 

(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 


Muster Roll Of Cavalry 

Detached from the Militia of 
North Carolina, in pursuance of a 
requisition from the President of 
!he United States, by virtue of an 
act of Congress passed 10th April 

Seventh Company detached from 
the Tenth Brigade— Henry Ram- 
;aur Captain; Wm. Green, 1st 
Lieut.; Jacob Sumner, 2nd Lieut. 
John Zimmerman, Cornet; John 
Fall, 1st Sergt.; John Slagle, 2nd 
Sergt.; Henry Smith, 3rd Sergt.; 
Moses Sides, 4th Sergt.; George 
Fry, Sadler; Ezekial Hazelett, 
Trum.; Elias Bost, Dragoon; Wil- 

liam Bost, Jacob Smover, Hiram 
Harbeson, Alexandria Nail, Henry 
Smith, Charles Reinhardt, Ed- 
ward Sanders, Matthew Haynes, 
Absalom Taylor, Allen Wetherly, 
William Price, John Henry, Moses 
Heron, John Rhyne, Jr., Edward 
Scarboro, David Ramsaur, James 
Grist, Richard Maze, James Knox, 
Samuel McMin, John Wilkinson, 
Alexander McCorkle, John Corne- 
lius, Hardy Abernathy, William 
Porter, Frederick Kimmy, Benja- 
min Suttle, William Hannon, Jere- 
miah Runyan, Timothy Hanny, 
Isaac Vanzantz — 42. 

(To Be Continued) 

History Lincoln County 


Seventh Company detached 
from the first Lincoln Regiment — 
Henry Rudisill, Captain; Robert 
I Oats, Lieutenant; Philip Hain, En- 
J sign; Moses Herring, 1st Sergt.; 
Peter Crites, 2nd Sergt.; Chris 
Lewis, 3rd Sergt.; Wm. Fullbright, 
4th Sergt.; Abraham Wiatt, 1st 
Cor'l.; Linas Sanford, 2nd Cor'l.; 
David Cline, 3rd Cor'l.; Samuel 
Edgin, 4th Cor'l.; John Maste; 
Private, John Tucker, Joseph 
Shaw, James Clark, Henry Bar- 
clay, Jesse Wheeler, John Ballard, 
George Sifford, Menucan Shelton, 
George Freet, William Sifford, 
Isaac Flemming, John Sifford, 
Gathp Sifford, Adam Hoppis, 
Martam Dellinver, Robert Wil- 
liams, William Lowe, Iasiah Aber- 
nethy, Drury Baggatt, Absalom 
Bumgarner, George Moore, Wil- 
liam Walker, Nicholas Laurence, 
Thomas Ash, Moses Bumgarner. 
Colbert Sherrill, Isaac Robertson, 
Jacob Burns, John Caldwell, Fred- 
erick Summey, Jacob Finger, 
Elias Plot, Henry Chipperd, Chris- 
topher Hoffman, Jacob Isaac, Ja- 
cob Dunsill, Soloman Cline, Elijah 
Call, John Wilson, Alfred Moore, 
Aaron Moore, William Johnston, 
Francis Asbury, John Kistler. 
James Martin, Samuel Turner, 
John Brim, Thomas Hannon, Ed- 
ward Sneed, William Hennett, Ja- 
cob Miller, Robert Wilson. John 
Crago, John Murphy, James Lind- 
say, Adam Speight, Christ v 
Speight, 70. 

Eighth Company, detached from 
the Second Lincoln Regiment- 
George Hoffman, Captain; David 
Bailey, Lieutenant; Daniel Cline, 
Ensign; John Jarrett, 1st Sergt.; 
Jacob Conner, 2nd Sergt.; Thorn' 
as Bandy, 3rd Sergt.; R. H. Simp- 
son, 4th Sergt.; Philip Fry, 1st 
Corporal; Thos. Sampson, 2nd 
Cor'l.; John Norman, 3rd Cor'l.; 
Chris. Acer, 4th Cor'l.; Daniel 
Shuford, Jr., Daniel Whitner, Jr., 
Adolph Foolz, Michael Propst, Da- 
vid Bost, John German. Andrew 
Sleter, Abram Kilyon, Jacob Link, 
Daniel Peterson, Abraham Sleter, 

George Fisher, ^Payton Vauhan, 
Conrad Yoder, George Mostiller, 
Silas Wilson, Jacob Thorne, 
George Mcintosh, Thomas Hus- 
key, Reuben Copelin, William Har- 
ison, Peter Harman, Ephriam Da- 
vis, James Paterson, Samuel Glad- 
don, Benjamin Waterson, William 
Scoggin, Soloman Harmon, Abner 
Camp, David Weir, Perry G. Rey- 
nolds, Uell Reynolds, John Ruda- 
ice, John Turner, Cyrus Peed, 
Isaac Williams, Benjamin Ea- 
wards, Jacob Raugh, Michael Hev- 
ner, John Miller, John Taylor, Wil 
liam Caldwell, William Hull, Wil 
Ham Bird, William Carrol, John 
Trout, Peter Howzer, Jacob Spen- 
gler, James Center, John Eders, 
Wiley Harris, John Harvener, Ro- 
bert Watts, Joseph Kyson, Thom- 
s Laming, Adam Husslater, Pet- 
er Beem, John Vickers, Joseph 
Carpenter, Peter Kiser, — 71. 
(To Be Continued) 


History Lincoln County 


Df Detached Militia, Organized In 

August 1814 Lincoln County 

First Regiment. 

James Finley, Captain; Wm. J. 
Wilson, 1st Lieut.; Richard Cowan, 
2nd Lieut.; Andrew Barry, 3rd. 
Lieut.; John Beard, Ensign; Am- 
brose Gualtney, Andrew Slinkard, 
John Hogan, Henry Sadler, George 
Berry, Jacob Troutman, William 
Short, James Graham, Isaac Mur- 
iel, John Hunt, Benedict Jetton, 
Benjamin Proctor, John Lutz, Wil- 
liam Little, Richard Proctor, Wij- 
iam Nance, Jun.; James White. 
William Nance, William Tucker, 
Ambrose Cobb, Jacob Cloniger, 
•Samuel Pew, Thomas Sadler, 
Needam Wingate, David Smith. 
Jun.; Robinson Moore; William 
Meginese, John Rhodes, John Ms- 
giness, William Sutton, John Ma 
low, Bedford Childers, Thoma: 
Tucker, Samuel Abernethy, Red 
Errowood, Robert Lucky, Charles 
Edwards, Anthony Long, Freeman 
Shelton, Ruben Grice, John By- 
aum, William Hill, Willis Ballard 
William Killian, Robinson Harris, 
Anthony Hinkle, Ashman Gwin, 
James Hicks, Daniel Killian, Fred' 
eric Killian, Edward Carroll, John 
Jenkins, Thomas Dickson, John 
Venable, Austin Ford, Peter Tit- 
man, James McCarver, William 
Rockford, Robert Alexander, Wil 
liam McCarver Wiei-tt Jenkins, 
Reuben Jenkins Jacob Rhyn^ 
Adam Rhyne, Solomon Rhyne, 
John Rhodes, John Bynum, David 
Costner, Jacob Smith, George 
House, Amos Robeson, Alexander 
McCullock, Reece Price, Moses 
Grissom, Thomas Groves, Hiram 
Harris, James Shannon, Jacob 
Fite, Ezekiel McClure, John Mern- 
er, Samuel Williams, James Mc- 

Clure, William Lattimore, John 
Damon, Anderson Wells, Willian 
Hamilton, John Leeper, John 
Glover, Alexander Rankin, Wil- 
liam Reed, Steward Jenkins, Wi 
liam Bluford, John Hanks, Ebner 
Rumflet, John Carthy, Jacob Ken- 
edy, John Oats, John Part- 
ner, William Adams, John Black- 

Lincoln County Second Regi- 
ment — Daniel Hoke, Captain; 
John B. Harris, 1st. Lieut.; Gilbert 
Melliken, 2nd Lieut.; Isaac Mau- 
ney, 3rd Lieut.; Peter Hoke, En- 
sign; John Carpenter, Henry Huff- 
steddler, Moses Barr, Jacob Plonk, 
William Carpenter, Joseph Black, 
William Ferguson, Cudeas Smitn, 
Jonas Rudisill, Peter Mauney, Da- 
vid Kizer, Peter Eaker, George 
Seller, Peter Costner, John Hoff- 
steddler, William Guntlessey, Dan- 
iel Glotfelder, Elias Glotfelder, 
Rudolph Glotfelder, Lewis Huet, 
Philip Ikerd, Thomas Smith, John 
Bumgarner, Willie Hops, Archi- 
bold Cobb, Elisha Saunders, 
Joshua Hunter, Conrade Helde- 

(To Be Continued) 



History Lincoln County 


Peter Reymer, Bostian Best, John 
Houser, Solomon Shoup, Samuel 
Bigham, William Wilks, Charles 
Williams, James Chapman, Na- 
tional Pew, Jacob Houser, John 
Watterson, Joseph Wear, James 
Patterson, Preston Goforth, Hugh 
Spurlin, Isaac Millinax, James 
Elilott, Thomas Earsword, George 
Goforth, Jacob Harmon, Robert 
Barber, Young Marden Thomas 
Black, David Dickson, Hardy 
Long, Solomon Childers, Christo- 
pher Carpenter, James Endsley. 
Anthony Clark, David Bookout, 
Archibold Endsley, John Wrighf, 
Thomas Craigs, Phillip Haynes, 
John Whitworth, Joshua Howell, 
Samuel Collins, John Monser, Cas- 
per Boiick, George Bowman, Hen- 
ry Lickman, Matthew Boovey, 
Charles Ward, William Harmon, 
David Huntley, Marbain Lickman, 
George Turner, Abraham Tray, 
Henry Lickman, jun.; Samuel Sul- 
livan, Chiistian Bolinger, Christo- 

pher Hope, Michael Ingle, William 
Cline, John Shafer, Henry Houser, 
Ransom Husky, Matthies Barring- 
er, Michael Dellinger, Daniel Black- 
burn, Jacob Horner, Aaron Moore, 
David Dick, Joseph Helebrand, Jo- 
seph Leonhart, James Lemons, 
Daniel Fulbright, Francis Summit, 
Nicholas Carpenter, Peter Lor- 
ance, Joseph Ashe, John Earncy, 
Alfred Sherrill, Elias Shine, Con- 
rade Ward, Avery Guane, Andrew 
Yount, Phillips Hedrick, Benedict 
Levant, John Cowan, George 
Shook, Jacob Fullbright, Leonard 
Kagle, Ephriam Christopher, Wil- 
liam Echard, John Hedrick, Aaron 
Downson, Peter Keller, Gabriel 
Isaac, Samuel Peterson, Frederic 
Knup, Francis King, Peter Raby, 
Michael Sattonfield, Joseph Rob- 
inson, Miles Abernethy, David 
Hawn, Valentine Taylor, John 
Snyder, James Bridges, James 
Jones, Benjamin Newman, Sterline 
Singleton, John Ward, John Got- 
felder, James Fisher, Samuel Set- 
ton, William Black, David Warlick, 
Elisha Wilson, Nimrod Wilson, 
Henry Killian, Solomon Killian, 
Daniel Coulter, Henry Coulter and 
John Shuford. 

■ " " • -"■■:'."■>' ■- ".. :